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Budget 2023

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Budget Takeaways

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STOCK AND COMPANY IMPACT ANALYSIS

Policy on fertiliser subsidy always be a major factor for fertiliser stocks. We are again expecting subsidy and development of the agri sector to directly impact on fertiliser stocks. Chambal Fertilizer may rise in this budget. It may test 350 to 380 levels, while stop loss can be put at 275 levels.
CMP 312.70
52 Week Range H/L 516.00-260.80
Market Cap (Cr) 12998.17

Cipla Ltd.

12-month target
1150-1200
To increase pharma industries, and to build more strength in pharma, expecting some good policy announcement for pharma. We are choosing cipla from the pharma category which gets impacted directly. Cipla may test 1150 to 1200 levels while stop loss can be put at 990 levels.
CMP 1017.95
52 Week Range H/L 1185.25-888.15
Market Cap (Cr) 82086.54

DLF Ltd.

12-month target
430-450
The infrastructure and real estate sector got a major push with the Smart Cities Mission. Since the mission worked on factors like better infrastructure, better waste and water management, integrated traffic management and safer cities with use of technology, the Tier II cities in India got upgraded. DLF looks as a potential stock, it may test 430 to 450 levels, while stop loss can be put on 330 levels.
CMP 356.05
52 Week Range H/L 418.50-294.70
Market Cap (Cr) 88220.11

Budget Infographics

What is the Union Budget?

The Union Budget or Annual Budget of India is the country’s comprehensive yearly financial statement consisting of a detailed report of the government’s finances, revenues from different sources and expenditures to be incurred on various activities. According to Article 112 of the Indian Constitution, the Central Government presents a statement of its estimated receipts and expenditure for the year, starting from April 1 and ending on March 31, before both houses of Parliament. The Budget is prepared by the Finance Ministry in consultation with Niti Aayog and other concerned ministries. The country’s Finance Minister presents the Budget in February and the presentation speech in the Lok Sabha comprises of Annual Financial Statement (AFS), Appropriation Bill, Expenditure Budget, Receipts Budget, Expenditure Profile, Medium Term Fiscal Policy cum Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement, Macro-economic framework for the relevant financial year, Demand for Grants (DG) and Finance Bill. The Union Budget includes Capital Budget, Revenue Budget, and Expenditure Budget. The primary objective of the Union Budget is to present the annual financial record and plans of the government and help in obtaining all-inclusive economic growth for the country. The budget aims at empowering the central government to carry out its constitutional duties such as delivering social justice and equality for all.

Budget Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

How is the Union Budget prepared every year?

The Finance Ministry’s budget division of the department of economic affairs (DEA) prepares the Union Budget in consultation with various concerned ministries. The process starts six months prior to the date of presentation, in August-September and the budget needs to be passed by both Parliament houses before the beginning of the financial year (April 1). The Finance Ministry issues circulars to all ministries, Union territories, States and autonomous bodies requesting them to prepare estimates for the upcoming year. Then the requests are reviewed by the top government officials and upon approval, the report is then forwarded to the Finance Ministry. After that, revenues are allocated to various departments and the Finance Minister then holds pre-budget meetings with various stakeholders. Post consultation, the Finance Minister then takes the final call after discussion with the Prime Minister and then the budget is finalised.

What is the difference between Interim and Final Budget?

The government presents an interim budget when it does not have the needed time for the preparation of the final budget. Most of the time, it is presented when general elections are near and the present government leaves the task of preparing a full budget for after the results of the elections. As the Union Budget is valid till the end of the financial year, i.e. March 31, the spending rights of the government are only up to that date. So when the central government could not present the final budget before the end of the fiscal year, it requires parliamentary approval to incur expenses from the day the new fiscal year starts and until a new budget is passed. Technically it is just like the full budget and as the name suggests only for a temporary period.

What are a few interesting facts about Union Budget

The Union Budget for the financial year 2023-2024 will be presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on February 1. Here are some interesting historical facts about the budget:

1. Independent India’s first budget was introduced on November 26, 1947, by then Finance Minister R K Shanmukham Chetty.

2. Nirmala Sitharaman delivered the longest speech, speaking for 2 hours and 42 minutes while presenting the budget on February 1, 2020.

3. Former Prime Minister Moraraji Desai presented the most number of budgets (10) during his tenure as Finance Minister between 1962-69, followed by P Chidambaram (9) and Pranab Mukherjee (8).

4. In 2019, Nirmala Sitharaman became the second woman after Indira Gandhi, to have presented the Union budget.

5. For the first time in Independent India, a paperless budget was presented due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

What are the different types of budgets?

There are three types of budgets:

  1. Balanced Budget: When the estimated expenditure of the government is equal to the expected receipts in a financial year then it is called a balanced budget. Though it ensures economic stability but is unviable at times of hyperinflation or recession. 
  2. Surplus Budget: When the expected revenues of the government exceed the estimated expenditure in a fiscal year then it is called a surplus budget. It means that the government is earning more from taxes than it spent on public welfare.
  3. Deficit Budget: When the government’s estimated expenditure exceeds the revenue in a fiscal year then it is called a deficit budget. Though it enables the government to spend more on public welfare it also increases the burden on the government by accumulating debts.

What is the difference between Revenue receipts and Capital receipts?

The various sources from which a government raises revenue are called government receipts. There are two types of receipts:

  1. Revenue receipts: These are current income receipts from taxes, grants and all other sources. These receipts neither cause any reduction in the government’s assets nor any liability. There are two types of revenue receipts: Tax Revenue and Non-Tax Revenue.
  2. Capital receipts: These receipts cause a reduction in the assets of the government or create liability. Borrowings, disinvestment – Resale of shares of public sector undertakings and recovery of loans are the government’s major sources of capital receipts.

What is the difference between Capital expenditure and Revenue expenditure?

The expenditure of the government is categorised in two ways:

  1. Capital Expenditure: When the government spends to create assets like roads, railway lines, canals, hospitals, schools etc, or reduce its liability like loan repayment etc, then it is called capital expenditure. 
  2. Revenue Expenditure: When the government, on the other hand, incurs expenditure that neither reduces liability nor creates any asset then it is called revenue expenditure. Salary payment to government employees,  providing free health and education services, maintenance of public property etc are constituents of revenue expenditure.