In the series of tax reforms, the Prime Minister recently announced some reformative measures during the launch of 'Transparent Taxation - Honouring the Honest' platform. Let us discuss some of them.
In the series of tax reforms, the Prime Minister recently announced some reformative measures during the launch of ‘Transparent Taxation – Honouring the Honest’ platform like Faceless Assessment, Faceless Appeal Process and Taxpayers’ Charter.
Let us discuss the measures announced and their impact on the system and the tax payers. Since implementation of faceless appeal is postponed till September, I will only discuss the faceless assessment and taxpayers’ charter.
What is Faceless Assessment
There was already in existence a form of faceless assessment scheme, called “e-assessment scheme”, which was introduced through the budget announcements of 2019. E-assessment was supposed to be a faceless process for assessment without there being any human interface. In my opinion, the faceless scheme announced recently is nothing new, but the old e-assessment scheme already in existence with little here and little there modifications.
Under the faceless scheme of assessment, selection of cases for scrutiny is supposed to be devoid of any human intervention. It will be done randomly and under an automated process. The faceless system of assessment, however, will not apply to certain category of cases such as black money and benami property matters, international taxation cases, serious fraud cases and tax evasion cases. All the cases covered under income tax raids will also be outside the purview of the faceless assessment scheme.
The selection of cases and communication is proposed to be centralised. The selection of cases will be done with the help of algorithms put in place on the criteria applied through data analytics and artificial intelligence. Excluding the role of human in the selection of cases for scrutiny will help remove individual bias as well as individual discretion of a particular assessing officer. This will result into altogether extinction of corruption practices involved in the selection of cases.
On the other part, the assessment process though not fully automated but will be system-driven under which all the communication will be centralised. All the communication will be sent by the Central Assessment Centre the way the processing of ITR and handling of TDS matter is done by CPS, Bangalore and TRACES, respectively. The issue of notices and sending of final assessment order will be done through the central unit.
Under the new assessment scheme, the taxpayer and the tax official will not have any direct human interface. The entire assessment process will be divided into various units. So the draft assessment will be done by one unit. The same would be reviewed by another unit and the final assessment will be done by a different unit. The allocation of cases to various units will also be automated under the faceless scheme of assessment. It is also proposed that the particular task comprised in the assessment process will be allocated to different teams located at differently places geographically. This will create anonymous system where the tax payer does not know who the tax assessing officer is as the function of assessment will be performed by various units and that too in the form of team and not an individual.
Impact of Faceless Assessment
Due to automation in selection of cases, the discretionary power of the officer to select some of the cases will go away and so will the corruption inbuilt in it. Moreover, due to the assessment process being divided into various parts and each unit supposed to work as a team during the process of assessment, the component of corruption in the system will be minimised though it cannot be all together ruled out. This is because though the tax payer would not know who are his assessing officers, but the persons involved in any team at any stage of assessment will certainly know fully about the taxpayer. So, the possibility of the tax payers being approached by any team members of the team of any of the unit involved in assessment cannot be ruled out.
Though it will minimise corruption in the system, but it will cause undue hardship to the taxpayer in the form of having to scan and upload tons of documents. Submission of physical documents is far easier than having to scan and upload tons of documents. Moreover, every tax payer may not have the well-equipped system to carry out such tasks.
What is Taxpayer’s Charter and how effective it will be
The concept of Taxpayers’ Charter is not a new thing. The Taxpayer’s Charter has been there, as far as I remember, even before 2005. The tax charter issued by the government defines the rights and obligations in a very general term. In my opinion, the Taxpayers Charter needs to be broken in different parts as applicable to income tax and GST with quantified time-frames for various compliances.
The concept of Taxpayer’s Charter can be seen like the concept of directive principles enshrined in our Constitution. The directive principles are not enforceable like fundamental rights and have not been fully implemented even after 70 years of the Constitution coming into force. So is the case with taxpayers’ rights enumerated in the Taxpayers’ Charter. It will not have any significant impact unless the same are made part of the respective tax legislations and made enforceable under the law.
So, the new Taxpayers’ Charter is not going to change the life of taxpayers significantly in any way. Unless the charter is made legally binding, it will remain only an ornamental piece for display. As per my experience, earlier taxpayer’s charters were followed more in contravention than in compliance.
I am sure the above discussion will give you a fair idea of the changes implemented through the new platform launched recently.
(The writer is Chief Editor, ApnaPaisa, and a tax and investment expert. He can be reached at Balwant.firstname.lastname@example.org)