In absolute terms, the total net profit of the 25 largest business houses has increased to Rs 15,878 crore in April-June08 from Rs 14,799 crore in April-June07. Clearly, there has been volume growth, but rising input costs and higher interest rates have been taking their toll.
On the other hand , the total sales of the 25 houses also increased by 35.5% to Rs 1,55,160 crore in April-June08 , against Rs 1,14,541 crore in April-June07. Analysts attribute the lower growth in earnings to lower trading income and income from non-core sources like the stock market and the foreign exchange market. Since the rupee and the stock markets have been volatile, especially in the first quarter of FY09, the total other income of the above number of houses decreased by 1.6% to Rs 3,515 crore in April-June08 from the level of Rs 3,571 crore in April-June07.
Subsequently, the net profit margin, which is expressed as the PAT to sales ratio, which measures the rupee net profit made from a hundred rupee sales, has dipped from 12.92% in April-June07 to 10.23% in April-June08.
Individually, among the top 25, the ratios increased significantly from April-June07 to April-June08 in the case of Tata (14.82% to 15.41%), Munjal (Hero) ( 7.14% to 8.98 ), Murugappa (2.47% to 5.56 %) and Torrent (6.34% to 7.50%).
Among the 25 business houses, the ratios decreased significantly from April-June07 to April-June08 in the case of Mukesh Ambani (12.30% to 9.89%), OP Jindal (14.34% to 8.85%) and Anil Ambani (25.66% to 14.87%).
On the net profit level, significant growth of over 25% in the first quarter of the current fiscal, over the same period of the previous year was witnessed amongst eight industrial houses. These include the Tata gruop, the Ruchi Soya group, the Essar, the Munjal or the Hero group, Ispat-MPK, Murugappa, Torrent and Kalyani.
While Mukesh Ambanis Reliance group topped the list with sales of Rs 41,596 crore in April-June08, the Kirloskars group were at the bottom of the list with collective revenues worth Rs 1,264 crore.