Indians living longer but not as long as neighbours
On December 15, The Lancet had dedicated a triple issue entirely to global and regional findings of the the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2010 (GBD 2010) study, a collaborative project led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington. Findings specific to 187 countries will be announced at the Gates Foundation on March 5 by IHME director Dr Christopher Murray and Bill Gates.
Indians’ life expectancy at birth improved from 58.3 in 1990 to 65.2 in 2010, but most neighbours remained ahead in both years. India improved its death rate too, while its neighbours had a mixed record but remained ahead of India.
Researchers examined more than 300 diseases, injuries, and risk factors and found that a limited number of distinct causes accounts for the bulk of the Indian health burden. The top cause was ischaemic heart disease, followed by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, diarrhoeal diseases, lower respiratory infections, tuberculosis, preterm birth complications, self-harm, road injury, and diabetes.
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