KP Sharma Oli, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) Chairman, has become the Prime Minister of Nepal for the second time. He has been appointed as the PM by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari after his predecessor Sher Bahadur Deuba resigned from his post on Wednesday. Oli in the 41st Prime Minister of Nepal. The new government under Oli will take over the incumbent government is dissolved.
Oli, 65, has become the PM after his Left alliance with former Maoist rebel swept the historic parliamentary polls two months ago. The parliamentary polls and the subsequent appointment of Oli have kindled hopes of political stability in the Himalayan country.
Oli is known for his pro-China stance. He had served as Nepal PM from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016. However, he is considered a “moderate” Communist who will seek to balance China and India for the interests of Nepal.
In the 1970s and 80s, Oli had served a 14-year jail term for opposing the now -abolished monarchy in the country. Previously, Oli served Nepal as deputy PM during the then interim government of Girija Prasad Koirala in 2006, which was installed after the successful conclusion of the second People’s Movement.
Oli was elected as a member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the first time from Jhapa district of Nepal in 1991. Oli had also served as Minister of Home Affairs in 1994-1995. Oli was re-elected to the House of Representatives from Jhapa electorate in 1999, according to PTI.
Oli has been appointed under article 76 of Nepal’s Constitution. In case there is no one with a clear majority, the article says the President can appoint as PM the member of the House of Representatives, who can have a majority with the support of two or more parties.
UCPN-Maoists, Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic and 13 other small parties backed Oli’s candidature.
The Left alliance of Oli’s CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre of Prachanda won around 2/3rd majority in Parliament during the elections. CPN-UML won 121 seats out of 275 and CPN-Maoist Centre won 53 seats.
The new Constitution of Nepal, which was adopted in 2015, split the country into seven states. Several people were killed in ethnic clashes in 2015 over the distribution of territory and rights. The ethnic Madhesi group had protested for months.
Oli has promised to promote peace, stability and development in the impoverished country.
As per sources, Prachanda will take over from Oli as the PM before the completion of the five-year term of the latter as part of a power-sharing deal between them.