While India’s prowess in information technology is a defining element of its global brand, large parts of the country still remain untouched by its power. Technology can play an important role in raising productivity, efficiency and innovation, and can become an important driver of both economic growth and social development. The NDA government has embarked upon an ambitious plan—Digital India—which seeks to create a robust knowledge economy by making technology central to the government service delivery architecture.
A McKinsey report has identified a set of 12 empowering technologies which can better the lives of millions of Indians. The empowering technologies have the potential to add economic value of $550 billion to $1 trillion per year by 2025, create millions of well-paying productive jobs, including ones for people with moderate levels of formal education, and help bring a decent standard of living to millions of Indians.
For instance, mobile internet is likely to reach 700 million to 900 million Indians by 2025. Along with cloud-based services, the automation of knowledge work, digital payments and verifiable digital identity, mobile internet can provide the foundation for remote healthcare, adaptive learning, mobile agricultural extension services, and other innovative services. The report points out that empowering technologies can help 400 million poor rural Indians gain access to improved healthcare services.