The real estate market is complex. Prices are driven by a wide variety of factors that are local, regional, national, and global. While basic concepts like supply and demand come into play, other things like mortgage rates, inflation, and even economic conditions in other countries can also influence the real estate market. So, any substantial increase in interest rates for home loans will make the loan costlier and EMIs will jump up making these loans unattractive. This may adversely affect the real estate market with a curb on demand on which housing loans become unaffordable. The real estate sector at a medium level is highly rate sensitive and requisite support is required by keeping the interest rates reasonable.
Spiking home prices and rising interest rates are putting off buyers, sending real estate demand on a downward scale. Home buyers never had as good as they did in the post-pandemic. Current mortgage rates which are impacted by the federal funds rate and other market rates influence the price of housing. When monthly rates rise that leads to an increase in the monthly payments for a loan of the same amount. The buoyant outlook for India’s housing market is the RBI embarking on its most aggressive tightening cycle in a decade. Relatively late compared with other central banks in raising interest rates, RBI has raised the repo rate from the pandemic-era record low of 4% to 5.40%.
Rising interest rates do have a very noticeable effect on buyers and sellers. The hypothetical situation proves that property value and housing prices directly correlate to mortgage rates but what underlies both scenarios is the health of the economy. If the economy grows fast enough, rising rates will not have as great an effect on property value and housing prices. A strong economy allows employers to increase salaries enough to help compensate for the rising interest rates. As long as the economy continues to grow and the economy continues to see job growth and wage growth, a rise in an interest rate should not paralyze the real estate market.
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The increased property prices are expected to lead to an increase in rental prices as well. Despite all these things the real estate market will do well in 2023 since we can already see that the economy will be robust, local activity will resume and the government will take action to help tier-2 cities expand even more. Tier-2 cities are anticipated to gain even more attraction as desirable places to reside this year as a result of increasing economic activity and employment prospects.
Consumer confidence is still high and we can anticipate that the government’s proposed sector-specific initiatives will benefit all market participants, including home buyers, developers, land owners, and tenants. As per a report by Anarock, as many as 2.73 lakh units were sold in 2022 from January to September. This is a whopping 87% increase as against the corresponding period in 2021. With work-from-home culture still prevalent, customers are preferring spacious homes in 2bhk and 3bhk configurations as they want more space for recreational purposes.
Rising income and employment levels, an increase in spending capacity, the need for financial and emotional security, and the penchant for bigger homes with upgraded amenities have led to a surge in properties this year. Experts and industry officials said that even though the rate hikes are a sentiment dampener, they cannot be the sole reason why a committed buyer decides not to seek financing. A lot of fundamental factors like geographics, demographics, and the growing culture of nuclear families too come into the picture. Housing demand is also supported by favorable tax regimes and the government’s thrust on the real estate sector.
According to a recent CRISIL
Rising home prices and interest rates could not dent the buoyant home ownership sentiment across the nation as people are more confident today about real estate investment than earlier.
(By Suren Goyal, Partner, RPS Group)