March is the last month of the financial year and hence it's last chance for employees to submit the documents to save the tax outgo in form of TDS.
Submission of documents and investment proofs generally starts in December because the readjusted amount of tax payable may be deducted at source (TDS) from the salary payable for January, February and March. However, some companies provide more time for submission of the documents to allow employees make the investments as planned. But March is the last month of the financial year and hence it’s last chance for employees to submit the documents to save the tax outgo in form of TDS. Otherwise they have to file ITR to claim back the excess tax deducted from salary.
Here are the different sections of the Income Tax Act, under which you may save taxes and documents you need to submit to reduce TDS from your salary:
Tax deduction up to Rs 2 lakh may be availed on interest paid on home loan taken for acquisition of self occupied property on submission of bank certificate for interest, ownership and possession proof of the house and self declaration (Form 12C).
In case of joint ownership, the owner who pays EMI will get the tax benefit. If both the joint owners are earning and paying EMI jointly, both may avail tax deductions up to Rs 2 lakh each.
Under Section 80C, you may save up to Rs 1,50,000 for the financial year 2018-19 through following investments or expenditures by submitting the following relevant documents.
Life Insurance and ULIP: You may avail tax deductions on premium paid on ULIP and insurance policies of self, spouse and children. For this you should submit photocopies of premium receipts or premium paid certificates.
PPF: Like life insurance, you have to submit copies of PPF passbook and PPF challans, to get tax deductions.
NSC: To avail tax benefits, you have to submit photocopies of NSCs you bought for self during the financial year.
Tax-saving FD: To get tax benefits, you have to submit the photocopies deposit receipts of FDs made for self in a bank or Post Office.
ELSS: You have to deposit photocopies of receipts of amount paid or copy of certificate of your own ELSS investments to get the benefit.
Children Education: Tax deduction on tuition fees paid for up to two children may be availed by submitting photocopies of receipts of fees paid.
Housing Loan Principal: If you have purchased a house by taking loans, you may avail tax benefits on repayment of principal amount by submitting Bank Certificate for repayment of loan, provided you are the owner or co-owner of the house.
Stamp Duty Paid for Purchase of House Property: Tax benefits on Stamp Duty may be availed by submitting a copy of registration deed along with the payment proof, only when it is not financed by the Bank.
Contribution to pension fund: Deduction in respect of contribution to pension fund (80CCC) may be availed by submitting photocopies of receipts of premium paid for self.
Tax deductions up to Rs 50,000 over and above the 80C limit may be availed by submitting photocopies of payment receipts of voluntary contribution in NPS Tier-I account or Atal Pension Yojana for self.
Tax deductions of Rs 25,000 may be availed by submitting photocopy of premium receipt or certificate given by insurance provider for the purpose of 80D on health insurance premium paid for self, spouse and children (in case anyone of them is a senior citizen, the benefit will be Rs 50,000). In case you have also paid premium for your parents’ policy, you may avail additional deductions Rs 25,000 (Rs 50,000 for senior citizen parents). However, tax benefits will be available only if health insurance premium is paid in any mode other than cash.
Apart from health insurance premium, deductions up to Rs 5,000 may be availed on preventive health checkup, but within the overall limit of the Section 80D.
Tax deduction up to Rs 75,000 in normal case (up to Rs 1,25,000 in case of severe disability) in respect of medical treatment of handicapped dependent (spouse/child/parents/brothers/sisters) may be availed by submitting original medical expenses bills along with Form-10 IA (certificate) duly signed by a authorised doctor.
Tax deduction up to Rs 40,000 in normal case (up to Rs 1,00,000 in case of suffering person is senior citizen) in respect of medical treatment of specified diseases of self/spouse/child/parents/brothers/sisters may be availed by submitting original medical expenses bills along with Form-10 I (certificate)/Medical Prescription duly signed by a authorised doctor.
Tax deduction on repayment of interest on education loan taken for education of self, spouse of any child may be availed by submitting bank certificate for interest payment or bank statement showing payment of interest.
Tax deduction up to Rs 50,000 may be availed by first home buyers on interest on housing loan by submitting bank certificate for interest & Self declaration (Form 12C), subject to following conditions –
1. Loan is taken for acquisition of Residential Property.
2. Loan has been sanction during the financial year 2016-17.
3. The amount of Loan sanctioned does not exceed Rs 35 lakh.
4. The value of house property does not exceed Rs 50 lacs.
5. The assessee does not own any residential house property on the date of sanction of loan.
Assessees with disability may avail tax deduction up to Rs 75,000 in normal case (up to Rs 1,25,000 in case of severe disability) in respect of medical treatment of self by submitting original medical expenses bills along with Form-10 IA (certificate) duly signed by a authorised doctor.
Tax deduction up to Rs 10,000 in respect of interest in saving accounts may be availed on the basis of self declaration.