What is a depository and how it is different from depository participant

By: |
Published: December 30, 2017 10:52:24 AM

Depository is a place where financial securities are held in dematerialised form. It is responsible for maintenance of ownership records and facilitation of trading in dematerialised securities.

Depository Participant is described as an Agent (law) of the depository.

Depository is a place where financial securities are held in dematerialised form. It is responsible for maintenance of ownership records and facilitation of trading in dematerialised securities. However, a Depository Participant (DP) is described as an Agent (law) of the depository. They are the intermediaries between the depository and the investors. The relationship between the DPs and the depository is governed by an agreement made between the two under the Depositories Act. In a strictly legal sense, a DP is an entity who is registered as such with SEBI under the sub section 1A of Section 12 of the SEBI Act. As per the provisions of this Act, a DP can offer depository-related services only after obtaining a certificate of registration from SEBI. There are two depositories which are functional in India – National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL) and Central Securities Depository Ltd (CDSL). Various Depository Participants linked to each one of them in India. All the details in form of electronic records of equity and debt are kept there.

How do depository work

Depository interacts with its clients or investors through its agents, called Depository Participants normally known as DPs. For any investor or client, to avail the services provided by the Depository, has to open Depository account, known as Demat A/c, with any of the DPs.

Demat account

A Demat account or dematerialised account converts the shares from the paper form into an electronic form. They are similar to pass books offered by the banks where you have opened an account. You can easily buy or sell shares of different companies using your Demat account. All the transactions are entered into it akin to the bank passbook.

How to open a Demat Account?

In order to open a Demat Account the interested candidate has to follow these general instructions:

  • The interested candidate has to approach a Depository participant (DP) who is registered with the National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) and
  • the Central Depository Services Ltd. (CSDL). The sole function of the DP is to act as an intermediary between the investor and the depository.
  • Then the relationship manager from the DP that you have approached provides you with an application form that you need to fill and deposit with them. Some documents like identity and address proof are mandatory requirements and can’t be bargained with. The interested candidate needs to produce an original PAN card during the process of account opening.

Once the documentation is over, the DP who is basically a stock brokerage firm, bank, sub-broker etc. (e.g.INDIABULLS, ShareKhan, IIFL, ICICI etc.) demands a minimum cheque in your name in case you want to start with purchase of shares.DP purchases dematerialised shares in your name and saves them in your Demat Account and charges a minimum brokerage.

Advantages of trading through a demat account?

  • A Demat Account promises security in transactions, timely delivery of shares, reduced fraudulent transactions.
  • As the paper use is limited in the process so costs associated are reduced greatly and the cost per transaction is also lowered than physical trading.
  • The process has provided mobility and ease of working from anywhere.
  • In addition investors can invest in IPO’s, ETF’s of gold and carry out trading at huge volumes that was not possible earlier.

Get live Stock Prices from BSE and NSE and latest NAV, portfolio of Mutual Funds, calculate your tax by Income Tax Calculator, know market’s Top Gainers, Top Losers & Best Equity Funds. Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.