The regulator has also specified responsibilities of parties involved, contents of the database and manner of submitting the information.
Markets regulator Sebi on Friday streamlined the framework for centralised database for corporate bonds to provide further ease of access of information for investors. Under this, it has provided an updated list of data fields to be maintained in the database along with the manner of filing the same, Sebi said in a circular.
The regulator has also specified responsibilities of parties involved, contents of the database and manner of submitting the information. The regulator had in October 2013 mandated depositories to jointly create, host and maintain a centralised database of corporate bonds held in demat form.
“Pursuant to discussions with market participants, it has been decided to further streamline the database and provide further ease of access of information for investors,” Sebi said. This new framework will be applicable for debt securities issued on or after August 1, 2021. With regard to depositories, Sebi said they need to continue to jointly create, host, maintain and disseminate the centralised database of corporate bonds held in demat form.
All historical data available in the database will continue to be hosted by the depositories. They will have to ensure to have adequate systems and safeguards to maintain the integrity of data and to prevent manipulation of data. Each depository will have to synchronise the database in consultation with the other depositories. The depository which receives information from an issuer will have to host the same as well as share it with the other depository for hosting within three working days from the date of receipt of the information.
Also, they will have to provide secure login credentials to issuers, stock exchanges, credit rating agencies and debenture trustees for updating and verifying requisite information in the corporate bond database within the required timelines. Besides, depositories need to provide the information available with respect to the redeemable preference shares and securitised debt instruments, in a separate section within the database, in the form as available with them, after sharing the same with the other depository for synchronising and updating the data.
In respect of issuers, Sebi said they will have to provide details pertaining to issuer, issue, instrument classification and its detail, credit rating with name of credit rating agency and date of credit rating and default history information, among others, in the database at the time of allotment of the ISIN.
Further, depositories will have to verify the information as provided by issuer at the time of activation of ISIN (International Securities Identification Number). ISIN code, which has 12 characters, is used for uniquely identifying securities like stocks, bonds warrants and commercial papers. Post listing of securities, issuers will have to submit information on listing details, a hyperlink of ‘listing notification by stock exchange’ or final approval hyperlink, details of record date, credit rating, payment status and default history information to any of the bourses where their securities are listed on a periodical basis and or ‘as and when’ basis.
The stock exchange will have to indicate the format of filing to the issuers in this regard. With respect to stock exchanges, Sebi said bourses and depositories will have to develop a system such that information received by them is updated on the centralised database on a daily basis.
Further, exchanges will have to verify listing details provided by issuer at the time of allotment of the ISIN as well as post listing. Also, they need to update event based and periodical information in the database when received from the issuers. In the case of credit rating agencies (CRAs), Sebi said CRAs will have access the database to verify the rating information uploaded by the issuer. In case of any discrepancy, CRAs need to notify the same to stock exchanges and update the correct information in the database within the time stipulated. Sebi said that debenture trustees will have access the database to verify the information regarding default history and other relevant information.
In case of any discrepancy, it will have to notify the same to exchanges and update the correct information in the database, within the stipulated timeframe. With regard to timelines, Sebi said CRAs need to verify and update subsequent rating migrations information in the database within one working day from the press release. On verification of initial rating information provided by the issuer in respect of the ISINs for the instruments, the regulator said CRAs need to update the same within three working days in case of any variation.
Further, it will be the responsibility of debenture trustees to verify and update default history information about the instrument/ issuer, as applicable in the database, within seven days of knowledge of default.