Anil Gupta, sector head – financial sector ratings, Icra, said with sizeable losses in recent years, many PSBs have significantly eroded their DRs and this process can be seen as one among many measures to prevent defaults on the AT-I bonds issued by PSBs
As per Icra's estimates, the outstanding volume of AT-I bonds of PSBs is estimated at Rs 60,880 crore, or 1.1% of their risk weighted assets as on October 1, 2020.
The recent proposal by some public sector banks (PSBs) to set off their accumulated losses against the share premium account balances could improve their ability to service additional tier-I (AT-I) bonds, rating agency Icra said on Monday. While this accounting adjustment will not impact the net worth and capital ratios of the banks, it will significantly lower their accumulated losses (and improve their distributable reserves – DRs), thereby improving their ability to service the coupon on AT-I bonds.
Servicing of the coupon on AT-I bonds of banks is contingent on their profits, including accumulated profits. In a year of loss, banks can use their accumulated profits or DRs to pay the coupon on these bonds. Four PSBs – Bank of India, Bank of Maharashtra, Punjab National Bank and Union Bank of India – recently secured shareholders’ approval and are awaiting regulatory approval to make the accounting adjustment. Earlier, Indian Overseas Bank had made such an adjustment in FY18.
Anil Gupta, sector head – financial sector ratings, Icra, said with sizeable losses in recent years, many PSBs have significantly eroded their DRs and this process can be seen as one among many measures to prevent defaults on the AT-I bonds issued by PSBs. “Although investors as well as rating agencies do factor in the sovereign ownership of PSBs at the time of rating their borrowings (including AT-I bonds), it is difficult to factor in such one-off relaxations ab initio while rating these bonds,” he said.
The share capital, including the share premium, is not a part of accumulated profits or DRs. Hence, capital infusion by the GoI or through other means does not improve the coupon-servicing ability on these AT-I bonds in case of losses. With this accounting adjustment, the coupon payment is now effectively serviceable through capital infusions, Icra said. This could improve the risk appetite of investors and improve the ability of PSBs to roll over the large quantum of AT-Is when the first call option falls due.
Gupta said the development has significant importance for PSBs as they may explore raising AT-I bonds to shore up their capital position, considering the limited capital budgeted by the government for recapitalisation during the current year. “If PSBs can roll over their upcoming AT-I bonds due for call option over the next two fiscals, it may reduce the burden on the GoI for recapitalisation in future years.”
As per Icra’s estimates, the outstanding volume of AT-I bonds of PSBs is estimated at Rs 60,880 crore, or 1.1% of their risk weighted assets as on October 1, 2020. Of these, the first call option is falling due on bonds totalling Rs 23,365 crore in FY22. If PSBs can roll over these bonds, it will reduce the recapitalisation burden on the government.