Hedge funds are betting OPEC will struggle to reverse oil’s precipitous plunge. Their combined wagers against West Texas Intermediate and Brent crude soared for a seventh straight week, the longest global short-selling streak in data going back to 2011. The bearish bets jumped 14 percent in the week ended Nov. 13 and have tripled since the end of September, according to data from the U.S. Commodity Futures Trade Commission and ICE Futures Europe on Friday.
With oil prices slipping into a bear market, OPEC has promised to do what it takes to cut output. Still, it’s unclear how far the cartel and its allies will go and it may take a reduction well beyond the 1 million barrels a day that’s been publicly discussed to restore faith, said Daniel Ghali, a commodities strategist at TD Securities in Toronto.
“We’ve been through not just a price shock, but a momentum shock,” he said in a telephone interview. “Given that, we don’t think oil will recover these losses in short order without a significant catalyst, and that may have to be OPEC doing more than expected.’
The jump in bearish bets came amid a 12-day losing streak for WTI crude prices, the longest on record, culminating in a 7.1 percent tumble on Tuesday. Investors received more bearish news on Wednesday as a weekly government report showed a boom in shale drilling pushed U.S. stockpiles up by 10.27 million barrels, almost three times the median forecast.
The persistent bearishness, after oil had already given back much of its yearly gain, surprised Bill O’Grady, chief market strategist at Confluence Investment Management LLC in St. Louis. Computer driven trades may be adding to the downward pressure, he said, as crude crashes through one technical support barrier after another. Still, he and Ghali saw some embers of optimism in an uptick in long WTI bets.
“It tells you the bearish news is kind of in the market already,” O’Grady said by telephone. “Perhaps what we ended up getting was traders that looked at this and said, ‘Ok, you’re down 20 percent, maybe I should start throwing some longs on there.’”
POSITIONS BREAKDOWN: Hedge funds’ WTI net-long position — the difference between bets on higher prices and wagers on a drop — dropped 5.2 percent to 151,984 futures and options in the week ended Nov. 13, the CFTC said. That’s the lowest since August 2017. Long bets inched up less than 1 percent, breaking a six-week streak of declines, while shorts surged 12 percent. Brent net longs fell 17 percent to 214,832 contracts, their lowest in almost a year and a half, ICE Futures data showed. Brent longs were at their lowest in almost three years. Money managers cut their net-long positions on benchmark U.S. gasoline by 8.6 percent to 52,299, according to the CFTC. Diesel net-longs slid by 21 percent to 31,178, the lowest in 14 months