There have been some shifts in planting this kharif season by farmers of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh as far as soybean is concerned.In some parts of Maharashtra, they have shifted from cotton to soya and in other parts, they have moved to pulses from soybean. In Madhya Pradesh as well, some farmers have opted for pulses over soybean, a survey conducted by the Soybean Processors Association of India (SOPA) shows. On a pan-India basis, it has been estimated that area under soybean may decrease by about 3-5% over the previous year. The soya acreage for last year\u2019s kharif season stood at 110.65 lakh hectares. Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan account for 80% of the national soya output. The total output has been estimated at 85-90 lakh tonne compared to the previous season's 70 lakh tonne by the Solvent Extractors Association of India. Top officials of the Association say that 95% of soybean planting has been completed. This year, monsoon arrived on time and sowing of soybean was done by June 18. Overall, the germination has been good. In some areas, re-sowing was observed, the officials said. Two teams of SOPA officials have conducted an extensive field survey of these soybean-growing states, namely Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, to assess the progress of sowing, conditions of germination, and shift in area. According to the first estimates of the season released by SOPA, heavy rains have taken place in some districts of Madhya Pradesh, causing a flood-like situation. Such weather aberrations may lead to a failure of soybean crop in those areas that have poor surface drainage and situations of re-sowing of alternate crops may arise. According to DN Pathak, executive director at SOPA, there are reports from various parts of Madhya Pradesh that heavy rains have continued in the state and floods are likely to damage the soybean crop as well as other crops. This may adversely affect the productivity and crop output in the state. In Madhya Pradesh, it is estimated that the area may decrease by about 8% over the last year. In a number of districts, between 5% and 30%, soybean area has been converted into urad, maize, red gram, sorghum and paddy, due to relatively poor productivity during the previous three years. The districts where the decrease has been noticed include Betul, Hoshangabad, Guna, Khandwa, Khargone, Badwani, Burhanpur, Vidisha, Bhopal, Rajgarh, Sagar and Damoh. In Maharashtra, it is estimated that the overall area may increase by about 6% over the last year. In Wardha, Nagpur, Chandrapur and some parts of Nanded district, the crop area is likely to decrease by 10% to 20%.