Soyabean cultivation in the country has crossed 114.170 lakh hectares. However, absence of rains after sowing has led to unusual growth of weeds in some areas, leading to attack of pests.
Last year, the sowing had touched 110.177 lakh hectare and total production touched 99.64 lakh tonne. Industry experts said the prices of oilseeds have been one of the major factors for a boost in sowing this year.
Earlier, Davish Jain, chairman, Soybean Processors Association of India ( SOPA) had said the area under soyabean cultivation is higher by 10 lakh hectare as compared to last year, the production may not be higher than last year due to lower yield.
Jain had said the erratic tenure of the monsoon and moisture levels could result in some loss to the expectation of a bumper crop.
While farmers in Maharashtra and Karnataka are facing drought-like situation, in the Dewas district of Madhya Pradesh, it is excessive rain that has destroyed huge swathes of soybean crop. This is the second consecutive year that the farmers are facing losses in soybean crop.
Except for Malwa and Nimar regions of Madhya Pradesh and some areas of Marathwada in Maharashtra the crop condition is normal.
In other states too, the crop condition is normal. Farmers, who had replaced soya with other crops, are returning to soya plantation this year.
Three teams of SOPA officials have conducted a survey of soybean crop in the three major soybean growing states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan to access crop health According to the survey, the soybean crop in the country still needs one or two rains for a normal yield.
In Madhya Pradesh, according to the agriculture department, the area under soybean cultivation this year is 59.040 lakh hectares. According to SOPA’s assessment, the crop condition in approximately 40 lakh hectares is normal and in the rest, it is poor. Around 19.4 lakh hectares has been affected due to rains.
In Maharashtra, the area under Soybean cultivation is 35.778 lakh hectares. SOPA says approximately 3.6 lakh hectare area is under other crops due to inter cropping. Also the crop condition in approximately 25 lakh hectares is normal and in rest of the area, the crop is poor. Here around 10 lakh hectares has been affected due to poor rain.
According to Rajasthan agriculture department, this year area under soybean cultivation is higher than last year at 10.971 lakh hectares. According to SOPA’s assessments, crop condition in approximately 10 lakh hectares is normal.
This year the area under soybean in other states is 8.381 lakh hectares out of which the crop condition in approximately 5 lakh hectares is normal.