Shaktikanta Das, who has often advocated rate cuts and been pro-growth during his stint at the ministry, comes in at a time when inflation is trending lower in India amid an easing in food and energy costs.
Sovereign bonds and stocks rallied in India on optimism of a more dovish monetary policy after the government named former bureaucrat Shaktikanta Das as the central bank chief. The rupee weakened amid investor concerns about central bank independence.
The yield on the benchmark 10-year bonds dropped 9 basis points to 7.44 percent, sending bonds to a second day of gains. The S&P BSE Sensex gauge rose 1.1 percent, led by lenders including Yes Bank Ltd. and Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. The rupee extended Tuesday’s poll-induced losses and was down 0.3 percent against the dollar at 10:39 a.m. Mumbai time.
Das, who oversaw Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s controversial cash ban program, was named central bank chief late Tuesday, a day after Governor Urjit Patel’s surprise exit tipped financial markets into a turmoil. Das, who has often advocated rate cuts and been pro-growth during his stint at the ministry, comes in at a time when inflation is trending lower in India amid an easing in food and energy costs.
“We are constructive on bond markets primarily on favorable bond supply dynamics and our expectation that lower inflation will lead to a dovish RBI,” said Vivek Rajpal, a rates strategist at Nomura Holding Inc. in Singapore. “Although one cannot say with certainty, it is likely that Das may have a neutral-to-dovish bent on monetary policy.”
Policy rates in India are decided by a monetary policy panel, which includes the governor.
The reaction in the currency market was less optimistic on concerns about how independent the new governor will be on policy matters. The government wants more control over the RBI’s functions and higher dividends to help finance its deficit, a flashpoint between the authorities and Patel that led to his departure.
“Overseas investors are worried about central bank’s independence, specially after the manner of Patel’s exit,” says Paresh Nayar, Mumbai-based head of currency and money markets at FirstRand Ltd. “State poll losses and Patel’s exit has led foreign investors to sell substantially over the last two sessions.”
Some investors fear that Tuesday’s setback at the state elections may force the government to be more strident in its demand for the RBI to loosen curbs on some of the weakest banks to ensure lending continues ahead of an election next year. Global funds pulled $202 million from rupee bonds on Monday, after investing a net $525 million last week.
“Given his history as former bureaucrat, it does nothing to ally concerns regarding government interference in RBI policy,” said Sue Trinh, head of Asia FX strategy at Royal Bank of Canada. “Add to that Modi’s setback in the state elections and it’s not looking good for the rupee through the start of next year.”