A very rare carnivorous plant species called Utricularia Furcellata has been found in the western Himalayan region for the first time, a senior official said on Saturday.
The detection of the rare species was done by a research team of the Uttarakhand Forest Department in the picturesque Mandal valley located in Chamoli district, Chief Conservator of Forest (Research) Sanjiv Chaturvedi said.
“It is the first sighting of the plant not only in Uttarakhand but in the entire western Himalayan region,” he said.
The discovery by the Uttarakhand forest department team consisting of Range Officer Harish Negi and Junior Research Fellow Manoj Singh has been published in the prestigious ‘Journal of Japanese Botany’, a 106-year-old journal on plant taxonomy and botany which is considered to be one of the finest in the field, Chaturvedi said.
It is a proud moment for the Uttarakhand forest department as it is the first discovery by it which has been published in the prestigious journal, he said.
The discovery was part of a project study of insectivorous plants in Uttarakhand.
This carnivorous plant belongs to a genus which is commonly known as bladderworts, Chaturvedi said.
“It uses one of the most sophisticated and developed plant structures for trap and the targets range from protozoa to insects, mosquito larvae and even young tadpoles,” he said.
Its operation is based on a mechanical process by creating a vacuum or negative pressure area, to draw prey inside the trap door. Carnivorous plants are found mostly in fresh water and wet soil. They have a completely distinct manner of arranging food and nutrition through intelligent trap mechanisms, as compared to the photosynthesis mode of normal plants.
Carnivorous plants which generally grow on poor nutrient soil have aroused new interest in the scientific community across the world because of their potential medicinal benefits, the official said.
Earlier, the search of a rare orchid species, Liparis Pygmaean, by the research wing of the Uttarakhand forest department had found a place in the prestigious French journal ‘Richardiana’ in September 2020.