National Science Day: India celebrates this day every year on February 28 since 1928 to mark Indian physicist Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman's discovery of the Raman Effect
India celebrates National Science Day every year on February 28 since 1928 to mark Indian physicist Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman’s discovery of the Raman Effect for which he was later awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. On this day, school and college students exhibit various science projects in their respective institutions and prizes are awarded also awarded to them. Other activities that take place on this day includes speeches by the Minister of Science and Technology, live projects, radio-TV talk shows , exhibitions based on different concepts and themes and many more. To celebrate the discovery of the Raman effect, celebrations take place at the Radio Astronomy Centre (RAC) Ooty, the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) at Khodad, Pune, Maharashtra which is world famous for its telescopes that operate at low radio frequencies by the NCRA (National Centre for Radio Astrophysics) under the Department of Atomic Energy.
In order to celebrate the day, schools in West Bengal are taking a step ahead. Creators of a popular science portal known as the Foldscope.com will now provide a $1 origami paper microscope to all schools across the state that to free of cost. The inventor of this microscope is Manu Praksh who is an Indian scientist and also a Professor of Bioengineering at the Stanford University. According to an IANS report, Islam who is a faculty at the University of Waterloo, Canada via mail said, “We did not just publish an article on the innovation of Foldscope. We contacted the inventors (researcher Manu Prakash from Stanford University) who sent us about two dozens of those microscopes that we distributed to various schools in West Bengal and Bangladesh. We also translated the assembly instructions of the Foldscope for its official website.”
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The National Science Day is celecrated with different themes every year. In 1999, the theme was ‘Our Changing Earth’, in 2000 it was ‘Recreating Interest in Basic Science’, in 2005 it was ‘Celebrating Physics’, in 2010 the theme was ‘Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development’, in 2015 the theme was ‘Science for Nation Building’ and this years theme is ‘Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons’.