NASA technology reveals bacteria’s role in breast cancer

By: | Published: June 25, 2016 11:48 AM

Using planetary protection techniques that ensure NASA spacecraft do not contaminate other worlds, researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have found a link between bacteria in breast ductal fluid and breast cancer.

breast cancerFor the study, the researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, employed the same sequencing and analysis methods used for examining bacteria in spacecraft assembly rooms. (Reuters)

Using planetary protection techniques that ensure NASA spacecraft do not contaminate other worlds, researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have found a link between bacteria in breast ductal fluid and breast cancer.

The breast ductal system contains the glands that produce milk and naturally secretes a substance called “nipple aspirate fluid”.

For the study, the researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, employed the same sequencing and analysis methods used for examining bacteria in spacecraft assembly rooms.

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“We applied these planetary protection techniques in the first-ever study of microorganisms in human breast ductal fluid,” said Parag Vaishampayan, scientist in biotechnology and planetary protection at JPL.

The researchers found differences between the ductal fluid bacteria found in women who have experienced breast cancer, and the bacteria present in those who have not.

The findings were published in the online journal Scientific Reports.

The research team found that the community of microorganisms in breast ductal fluid differed significantly between two groups — 23 healthy women and 25 women who had a history of breast cancer and had gone through treatment.

It was then analysed with next-generation genomic sequencing, which has also been used for examining bacteria in NASA spacecraft assembly facilities.

For the study, NASA scientists collaborated with cancer researchers from different institutions.

“Collaboration between JPL space technology experts and medical researchers will continue to propel groundbreaking discoveries,” Vaishampayan, who earned in PhD from University of Pune in Maharashtra, said.

“This publication represents a success for JPL’s Medical Engineering Forum Initiative, which focuses on applying NASA technology for medical needs here on Earth,” JPL’s Leon Alkalai, who is spearheading the initiative said in a statement.

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