On Wednesday, one of the major scientific breakthroughs surfaced about people living in the United Kingdom some 10,000 years ago. The DNA analysis of a skeleton, named ‘Cheddar Man’ showed that the man lived in the United Kingdom around 10,000 years back and he had dark skin, but his eyes were blue! Cheddar Man, who would have lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle, had blue eyes, a very dark brown to black complexion and dark curly hair. Cheddar Man is also Britain’s oldest complete skeleton that was unearthed in 1903. London’s Natural History Museum extracted the DNA from the Stone Age skeleton. It was the researchers from the same museum who named the skeleton “Cheddar Man”. The researchers at the Natural History Museum took out the DNA from his skull near the ear known as the petrous. Researchers from the University College London (UCL) used genome analysis to recreate the face of the ‘Cheddar Man’.
Yoan Dieckmann, one of the UCL researchers on the project, revealed this interesting fact. Dieckmann talked about the historical perspective and how these change over time. He also spoke about the general notion that British people are white skinned. The researchers believe that the skin of the people who lived in Europe turned light over a period of time.
The genome analysis of Cheddar Man showed that lighter skin could have emerged later. Researchers believe that with the advent of farming, people living in Europe got less Vitamin D.
As per the reports of Reuters, Cheddar Man would have lived in a tiny population of hunter-gatherers in Britain around 10,000 years ago. Researchers studying Cheddar Man say that he looks to have a healthy diet, however, they have also noted that the Cheddar Man may have died in his 20s. As per the scientists, he lived shortly after the first settlers crossed from continental Europe to Britain at the end of the last ice age and people of white British ancestry alive today are descendants of this population.