India is at the second position among countries with the highest increase in their contribution to high-quality scientific research, according to a new report which shows that the growth of research in the country is only behind China’s.
The institutions from India among the top 100 highest performers across the globe include Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Indian Institute of Science (IIS) and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
While India made its mark, Chinese institutions are leading the world in rapidly increasing high-quality research outputs, according to the Nature Index 2016 Rising Stars report.
As many as 40 of the top 100 performers are from China, with 24 of those showing growth above 50 per cent since 2012.
The US – which remains the largest contributor to high-quality scientific papers overall – has 11 entrants into the top 100, despite many starting from a high base.
Nine institutions feature from the UK, eight from Germany and five from India.
The Rising Stars report used the Nature Index which tracks the author affiliations of published research articles by more than 8,000 global institutions in a group of 68 journals.
Chemistry made up for more than half (51 per cent) of India’s scientific contributions to the index in 2015. About 36 per cent was from physical sciences, nine per cent from life sciences and four per cent from earth and environmental sciences.
“India’s emergence as one of the world’s largest economies is being reflected by its increasing contribution to the world’s high-quality research publications as the Nature Index Rising Stars has shown,” Derk Haank, Chief Executive Officer of Springer Nature, said releasing the report yesterday.
“It is not that scientists educated in India don’t want to come back, they are desperate to come back. Many of them will come back if there is basic infrastructure for them to be able to work,” Haank told PTI.
“Reports like this – proving that India is in fact progressing – will make them think and make it easy for them to come back and take office,” he said.
“The Rising Stars report shows that India is moving in the right direction and hopefully, it will stimulate not only the government and individual scientists, but also young people in schools to take science more seriously,” he said.
An earlier report, published by National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), shows that less than three per cent of schoolgoing children want to pursue a career in science in India.