According to the Hindu calendar, the festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated on the full moon of the Shravan month. This year, the festival will be celebrated on August 7. Raksha Bandhan, or Rakhi as we call it, is the festival of siblings where the sister ties a ‘Raksha Dhaga’ on her brother’s wrist who, in turn, swears to protect her throughout his life. Though, different states across India celebrate this festival according to their own traditions and customs.
The core value of this festival is to defend or protect. To show your love and gratitude towards the ones, not necessarily your brothers, who undertake the oath to protect you, you can tie the ‘Raksha Dhaga’ to them. In relation to the festival of Raksha Bandhan, Lord Sri Krishna had once told Yudhishtir to celebrate the festival with his army and that would help him protect the Pandavas and also their army. Sri Krishna has also said that power of the ‘Raksha Sutra’ is unique and unbeatable.
In North India, the festival of Raksha Bandhan is also known as Shravan Purnima. The occasion of Shravan Purnima is known by different names in different regions pan-India. In North India, it is celebrated as Rakhi and in South India, it is known by a different name altogether. In the southern part of India, Raksha Bandhan is celebrated in the name of Nariyal (Coconut) Purnima or Avni Avittam. Central India celebrates it as Kajree Poonam and in the state of Gujarat, it is celebrated in form of Pavitropanna. Alike South India, the state of Maharashtra also celebrates Raksha Bandhan in form of Nariyal Purnima. On this day in Maharashtra, every body gathers on the banks of the river to offer coconuts to the sea so that the sea does not bring any destruction to them in the future.
South Indian Brahmins residing in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Orrisa call this festival Avni Avittam. In the state of Rajasthan, it is known as Ram Rakhi Lumba, where a thread with a tiny yellow color pom-pom is tied to the deity. In a few states in India, sisters tie a ‘bhujria’ on their brother’s ears. In the neighboring country of Nepal, this festival is popularly known as Bhai Tikka. The brothers of married sisters visit their sisters with fresh fruits and flowers and sweets in their in-law’s house. In return, the sisters tie a ‘Raksha Dhaga’ on their brothers’ wrists, while putting a ‘teeka’ on their heads and praying for their prosperity.