More than six million people lost their lives due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India in 2016 and Ischemic heart disease being one of the root causes of these deaths, revealed a study published by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 in medical journal Lancet. The report also stated that NCDs and injuries continue to be one of the main reasons of death among people of all-age group in India. As life expectancy of an Indian is growing steadily over the past one decade, the study shows that the country is still gripped with some major diseases including pulmonary disorders, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic kidney diseases.
It is also being said that the ischemic heart disease was the main reason of deaths in India for both men and women with an increase of almost 53 per cent from 2005. The disease is related to reduced blood supply to the heart.
Also the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) saw an increase of 22.71 per cent over the 2005 data. While number of diabetic patients increased to 70.5 per cent from 2005 levels, chronic kidney diseases went up to 36.42 during the same period.
Speaking to Indian Express about the GBD 2016 report, Dr Vivekanand Jha, executive director at The George Institute for Global Health, said, “The contribution of NCDs to death and disability in India continues to grow at an alarming rate. The two largest increases were seen in diabetes and chronic kidney disease.”
“The report points out the value of knowing these cause-specific mortality data in framing action to meet sustainable development goals (SDG),” Dr Jha added further.
The GBD data also reveals that self-harm continues to be the largest cause of death among people in the age group of 10-24 years. India stands far at 127th rank among 188 countries in terms of achieving the UN’s health related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) along with low score areas including air pollution, sanitation, Hepatitis B and child waste, added the study.