A new study has revealed that risky outdoor play is not only good for children’s health but also encourages creativity, social skills and resilience.
Research from UBC and the Child & Family Research Institute at BC Children’s Hospital found that children, who participated in physical activity such as climbing and jumping, rough and tumble play and exploring alone, displayed greater physical and social health.
Lead author Mariana Brussoni said that they found that play environments where children could take risks promoted increased play time, social interactions, creativity and resilience, adding that these positive results reflect the importance of supporting children’s risky outdoor play opportunities as a means of promoting children’s health and active lifestyles.
Playgrounds that offer natural elements such as trees and plants, changes in height and freedom for children to engage in activities of their own choosing, have positive impacts on health, behaviour and social development.
Brussoni added that these spaces give children a chance to learn about risk and learn about their own limits.
Safety concerns, such as injury, were seen as the main reason for limiting risky outdoor play. Researchers found that playground safety standards and too much supervision prevented children from engaging in risky activities.
Monitoring children’s activities may be a more appropriate approach than active supervision, particularly for older children, said Brussoni, noting that they recommend considering policy, practice and built environment approaches to risky outdoor play that balance safety with children’s other health outcomes.
The study appears in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.