Facebook Inc. is endowing a new institute devoted to the ethics of artificial intelligence at the Technical University of Munich, in Germany. The new center, which Facebook is funding with an initial grant of $7.5 million over five years, will investigate issues around AI safety, fairness, privacy and transparency, Joaquin Quinonero Candela, Facebook\u2019s director of applied machine learning, said in a blog post. Christoph Luetge, a TUM professor specializing in business ethics, will lead the new Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence, Candela said. Also read: Amazon Great Indian sale: Top deals on Samsung, Oppo, Honor, Realme, smartphones Facebook has found itself increasingly embattled in the past two years, facing criticism for failing to stop the spread of fake news, terrorist propaganda and hate speech as well as abusing users\u2019 privacy. Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg has told the U.S. Congress that the company will increasingly lean on AI to police content on the social network. The company has a large AI research lab that employs some of the world\u2019s top experts in machine learning. But the use of AI can itself raise serious ethical concerns. "At Facebook, ensuring responsible and thoughtful use of AI is foundational to everything we do - from the data labels we use, to the individual algorithms we build, to the systems they are a part of," Candela said. Sunday\u2019s announcement marks the first time Facebook has funded an academic institute devoted to these issues. Previously, Facebook has joined the Partnership for AI, a consortium that includes a number of companies working at the cutting edge of AI technology and that aims to address ethical and safety concerns. It is also a founding member of AI4People, a European forum that brings together industry and government to investigate issues around the social impact of AI. Candela said Facebook is also working on new tools, including one called Fairness Flow, that can help those working on machine learning systems evaluate them for hidden bias. He said Facebook chose TUM because it is "one of the top-ranked universities worldwide in the field of artificial intelligence." In the past, Facebook has faced particular criticism from German lawmakers for failing to police hate speech and misinformation and the company has responded, in part, by helping to fund German non-profits that work to combat rightwing propaganda. While Facebook is providing the initial financing for the Institute, it will seek other funding partners too, according to the blog.