What is Quit India Movement? Who started it and where was the speech given!

By: | Updated: August 9, 2017 10:59 AM

During the latest episode of his Mann Ki Baat, Prime Minister Narendra Modi last week invoked the 75th anniversary of the Quit India movement and urged all the Indian citizens to imbibe the message of this great political event.

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During the latest episode of his Mann Ki Baat, Prime Minister Narendra Modi last week invoked the 75th anniversary of the Quit India movement and urged all the Indian citizens to imbibe the message of this great political event. “We should celebrate 15th August 2017 as the Sankalp Parva or the Day of Resolve….The need for today is not ‘Do or Die’, instead it is to resolve, to come together, persevere, and work relentlessly with our utmost strength towards the making of a new India. Let us live by and strive for this resolve. Come let’s launch a mega campaign, ‘Sankalp se Siddhi,’ Attainment through Resolve, from the 9th of this August,” he said.

Today marks the 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement and a lot of people from the current generation might have their doubts regarding this historic event. Here is all you need to know:

What is Quit India Movement?

It was in 1942 when the world was going through the havoc caused by World War II. India too was facing the heat and after the Cripps Mission had failed, and on 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi made a Do or Die call through the Quit India movement. Large protests and demonstrations were held all over the country. However, as the movement didn’t get too much support from the outside, it was crushed and the British refused to grant immediate Independence, saying that it could happen only after the war had ended.

Who started Quit India Movement?

The Quit India movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942 but drew protests from the All-India Congress Committee demanding what Gandhi called was “An Orderly British Withdrawal” from India. This forced the British to act immediately and soon all the senior INC leaders were imprisoned without trial within hours of Gandhi’s speech.

Where was the Quit India Speech given?

On 14th July 1942, the Congress Working Committee at Wardha had passed a resolution demanding complete independence from the British government. On August 8, 1942, Mahatma Gandhi made a Do or Die call in his Quit India speech which was delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. Even though the speech caused some turmoil within the party and even leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Azad were apprehensive and critical of the call, but backed it and stuck with Gandhi’s leadership until the end.

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