States like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar have found themselves at the bottom among large states of the Health Index report prepared by the Niti Aayog. The report shows that Uttar Pradesh is at the bottom among the larger states. However, there is some good news for Yogi Adityanath-ruled state, which has shown a lot of improvement in the recent past.
The top five states in the Health Index are Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. These are followed by Maharashtra, Jammu&Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal, Telangana, Chhattisgarh and Haryana. Interestingly, Jharkhand has ranked four places above Bihar, which is in the third position from the bottom. Jharkhand is followed by Uttarakhand, Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha. The report titled “Healthy States, Progressive India: Report on the Ranks of States and Union Territories” was released by Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant today. According to Kant, Health Index can serve as a tool to leverage cooperative and competitive federalism and help in accelerating the pace of achieving health outcomes.
Here are some of the key results of the report:
The report reveals there is a large gap in overall performance between the best and the least performing States and Union Territories. However, all States and UTs have “substantial” scope for improvement.
The reference year for the report was 2015-16. Among larger states, the Index score for overall performance ranged widely between 33.69 in Uttar Pradesh to 76.55 in Kerala. Similarly, among the Smaller States, the Index score for overall performance varied between 37.38 in Nagaland to 73.70 in Mizoram, and among UTs this varied between 34.64 in Dadra and Nagar Haveli to 65.79 in Lakshadweep.
States and UTs have ranked differently on overall performance and annual incremental performance.
The report notes, “It is a challenge for States at high levels of the Index score even to maintain their performance levels.” For example, it says that Kerala is on top of the Index as far as the overall performance is considered. However, it is at the bottom in terms of incremental progress “mainly as it had already achieved a low level of Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) and Under-five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and replacement level fertility, leaving limited space for any further improvements.
Along larger states, Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh are the top three ranking States in terms of annual incremental performance, while Kerala, Punjab, and Tamil Nadu ranked on top in terms of overall performance.
Among Smaller States, Manipur ranked rst in terms of annual incremental performance and second in terms of overall performance, while Goa ranked second in terms of annual incremental performance.
Among UTs, Lakshadweep showed both the highest annual incremental performance as well as the best overall performance: