The constitution of the country was first adopted on January 26, 1950.
India is celebrating its 69th Republic Day today. This year ten heads of ASEAN countries have been invited. They witnessed the grand parade from the India Gate. Heads of state from Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Brunei have been invited as chief guests. The constitution of the country was first adopted on January 26, 1950, which was a result of tireless efforts by the drafting committee led by Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar. It took about two years, 11 months and 17 days for the panel to give the final touch to the Constitution. It was finally on November 26, 1949, that it was submitted in the Assembly. November 26 was also the anniversary of “Purna Swaraj Diwas” of 1930 when it came into force. Since then, the country celebrates the day as the national festival.
The constitution that declared the country a ‘Republic’, allows citizens to live in their own way, having a dignified life and rule ourselves, proclaiming us a democracy. Before India’s constitution was implemented, the country was run by the British constitution. On August 15, 1947, India became Independent from the British. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru became India’ first Prime Minister and Rajendra Prasad as country’s first President. Even as it was a huge success, It was not enough to run the government for the development of people across all parts of the country.
The constituent assembly, after holding a meeting, appointed a drafting committee on August 29, 1947, with Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar as its head. The committee submitted a drafted document on November 4, 1947, which was not satisfactory. After this, Dr Ambedakar, during more than two years made about 2,000 amendments in the entire document and submitted the final copy of constitution on November 26, 1949, to the assembly. It was promulgated on January 26, 1950. It is because of the constitution that people of the country can move freely anywhere in the country. Even during a visit in foreign countries we introduce ourselves as Indian, it is also because of our constitutional rights.
Rights are given to us by the constitution allow us to contribute to government formation. The voting right given to us makes our role crucial in government. Right to lead a dignified life, right to education, right to follow any religion, right to speak freely and putting own points of view, everything depends on Constitution of the country.