India's entry bid into NSG has been scuttled, not only by China, but also Switzerland, which had earlier supported the membership proposal.
India’s entry bid into NSG has been scuttled, not only by China, but also Switzerland, which had earlier supported the membership proposal. PM Narendra Modi’s last-ditch attempt to reach out to Chinese President Xi Jinping seems to have been snubbed, with China insisting that India must first sign the NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty).
With NSG rejecting its membership bid, an upset India has said one country persistently created procedural “hurdles” during the discussions on its application in the 48-nation grouping, in a clear reference to stiff Chinese opposition.
We take a look at 10 developments and statements around India’s failed bid to bag NSG membership:
- The plenary meeting of the 48-member NSG ended with no decision on India’s membership bid as divisions persisted over admitting non-NPT members with China leading the opposition to it.
- China’s stand that India’s membership application cannot be considered because it has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was backed by nearly 10 other countries which effectively torpedoed India’s bid although it had the strong backing of the US, the UK, France and a majority of countries in the nuclear trading group.
- Meanwhile, in a complete shocker, Switzerland, who had earlier extended its complete support, opposed India’s bid citing it being a non-NPT state. This comes as a jolt for India as earlier, during PM Modi’s visit to Switzerland, the European nation had extended its complete support.
- Canada and Brazil extended their complete support to India. Brazil today supported India’s bid but called for a common criteria for all non-NPT states. Brazil also said that India has by far a better nuclear proliferation record than Pakistan. Also read: After Swiss blow, Canada, Brazil extend support for India’s NSG bid
- India maintained that there was no contradiction between the NPT and India’s closer engagement with with the NSG. External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup has asserted that India’s participation in the NSG would have further strengthened nuclear non-proliferation regime and made global nuclear commerce more secure.
- Vikas Swarup said: An overwhelming number of those who took the floor supported India’s membership and appraised India’s application positively. We thank each and every one of them. It is also our understanding that the broad sentiment was to take this matter forward.
- India remain buoyant asserting that an early decision on its application remains in larger global interest. Stating that India’s membership had been discussed within the NSG at every plenary meeting since 2011, Swarup said that an early positive decision by the NSG would have allowed India to move forward on the Paris Agreement.
- Meanwhile, terming the developments at the NSG meet in Seoul as an “embarrassment” to India, Congress today said Prime Minister Narendra Modi needs to realise that diplomacy needs “depth and seriousness and not public tamasha”.
- Pakistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs has said the applications of Pakistan and India for the membership of NSG could not be considered in isolation from the goal of maintaining strategic stability in South Asia.
- Promising strong support from US President Barack Obama for India’s candidature for membership of NSG, US Ambassador to India Richard Verma said India presents a strong case and Washington will continue to extend its support for India’s accession in the NSG. We have been supportive at the highest possible levels and will continue to do so as this plays out over the next day or so.
(With inputs from Agencies)