People of Tamil Nadu today are remembering Jayalalithaa on the first death anniversary of the late Chief Minister. The former AIADMK chief had passed away at the Apollo Hospitals in Chennai on December 5 last year. She was admitted to the hospital on September 22, 2016. People have gathered and paid homage to their ‘Amma’ at Jaya memorial at Marina Beach in Chennai. Jayalalithaa had a huge follower base and had over the course of several years acquired a “cult status”. She still enjoys unparallaled affection and reverence from the people of the state.
Jayalalithaa was sworn-in as Chief Minister June 24, 1991 after she had led AIADMK to a huge win in assembly elections. In May, 1996, amidst charges of corruption during its rule, AIADMK suffered defeat in the assembly elections. On July 11, 1996, then Janata Party leader Dr Subramanian Swamy filed a private complaint in a court accusing Jayalalithaa of amassing wealth worth Rs 66.65 crore disproportionate to her known sources of income during 1991 to 1996. On December 7, 1996, Jayalalithaa was arrested and charges of corruption, including accumulation of disproportionate assets, were slapped against her. In 1997, prosecution was launched against Jayalalithaa, her close friend Sasikala and two others in a Chennai Court in DA case. In April, 1997, the then DMK government had set up three special courts to try 47 corruption cases against Jayalalithaa, her former cabinet colleagues and others. On June 4, 1997, she was charge-sheeted in DA case. In 1999, she was discharged in Coal import deal case by a special court and it was upheld by Madras High Court.
On February 2 in 2000, special court convicts her in Pleasant Stay Hotel case related to permission granted for construction allegedly flouting rules. By August 2000, as many as 250 out of 260 prosecution witnesses were examined.
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On May 23, 2016, Jayalalithaa was once again sworn in Chief Minister after a massive victory in state assembly polls. On September 22, 2016, Jayalalithaa was admitted to the Apollo Hospitals in Chennai after she complained of fever and dehydration. In October 2016, even as Apollo Hospitals says that Jayalalithaa is ‘responding well’ to treatment, a team of doctors from AIIMS said that she needed to stay in the hospital for longer. FM Arun Jaitley, BJP President Amit Shah, Congress VP Rahul Gandhi, DMK leader M K Stalin had visited her at the hospital. The expert team of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), along with a UK-based specialist, who had earlier examined J Jayalalithaa, visited Apollo hospital again. On December 4, 2016, AIADMK said that an AIIMS expert team has said that Jayalalithaa would return home soon. However, in the evening, Jayalalithaa had suffered a massive cardiac arrest. Apollo Hospitals said that following the cardiac arrest, Jayalalithaa has been put on extracorporeal membrane heart assist device. On December 5, 2016, Apollo Hospitals issued a statement that Jayalalithaa passed away at 11:30 PM. According to Apollo Hospitals, “every possible clinical attempt was made to sustain her revival”. “However despite our best efforts the Honourable Chief Minister’s underlying conditions rendered her unable to recover and she passed away at 11:30 PM today (5.12.2016.),” the hospital’s statement reads.