India’s hopes for a permanent seat on the Security Council were dampened as the General Assembly decided to push further negotiations on reforms to the next session after discussions this year failed to make headway.
The Assembly on Wednesday unanimously approved the decision to roll over further action and to set up an “open-ended working group” on Council reforms.
“It is unfortunate that the 70th anniversary of the United Nations was not able to build up momentum with a view to reaching an agreement on this important item of the agenda of the General Assembly,” India and its reforms allies, Brazil, Japan and Germany, said in a joint statement.
Speaking on behalf of the four nations, Brazil’s Permanent Antonio Patriota told the Assembly: “The longer we postpone a decision on the reform of the Security Council, the greater discredit brought upon the United Nations in its core function of promoting peace and security.”
The four countries jointly work for expanding the Council’s permanent membership and mutually support each other for permanent seats and are known as G4.
After more than 20 years of stalling, the Council reform process gained momentum last year when a negotiating text was adopted by the General Assembly overcoming sustained opposition to it from a determined small group of countries like Pakistan and Italy.
The adoption of the text was a breakthrough as meaningful negotiations could not be held without such a document.
It had been expected that the momentum would continue and the reforms would be adopted in the current year, which marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the world body.