India, for the first time, has turned for a net importer to a net exporter of electricity. According to the Central Electricity Authority, which happens to be the government approved authority for the Cross Border Trade of Electricity, India has exported about 5,798 million units to Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar during the current year 2016-17(April to February 2017), an amount which is 213 million units more than the 5,585 million units from Bhutan. The PIB report also suggests that Indian exports to Nepal and Bangladesh has increased 2.5-2.8 times in the last 3 years respectively.
Following the announcement of cross-border trade of electricity in the mid-Eighties, India is reported to have been importing electricity from Bhutan. It has also been marginally exporting power to Nepal in a radial mode at 33 kV and 132 kV from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. If an average is to be considered, Bhutan has been supplying India with 5000-5500 million units to India every year. Although, it must also be noted that India is reported to be exporting about 190 MW of electricity to Nepal in ver 12 cross-border interconnections at 11kV, 33kV and 132 kV level.
By commissioning it through the Muzaffarnagar(Uttar Pradesh, India)- Dhalkhebar(Nepal) 400 kV line, which is being operated at 132 kV in 2016, India’s power exports to Nepal has further increased by around 145 MW. In September 2013, India’s export of power to Bangladesh received a major boost after the commission of the first cross-border interconnection between Baharampur in India and Bheramara in Bangladesh at 400 kV, which was further increased by the commission of the 2nd cross-border connection between Surjyamaninagar of Tripura, India and South Comilla of Bangladesh. Meanwhile, according to the reports, power exports to Nepal is speculated to be increasing by about 145 kV after the Katiya (Bihar)– Kusaha (Nepal) and 132 kV Raxaul (Bihar)– Parwanipur (Nepal) cross-border interconnections.