India celebrates the birthday of first Sikh guru as Guru Nanak Jayanti. It is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Katak and this year around, it falls on the 14th of November.
India celebrates the birthday of first Sikh guru as Guru Nanak Jayanti. It is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Katak and this year around, it falls on the 14th of November. Guru Nanak was the first of ten Gurus of Sikhism who is believed to have founded Sikhism, a religion which believes in a single all-powerful god. On Guru Nank Jayanti, followers of Sikh guru decorate the Gurudwaras with flowers. They carry out processions and read out hymns from the holy book of Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib, which contains 974 of Guru Nanak’s teachings. Gurupurab starts with Prabhat Pheri, which are processions carried out in the early hours of the festival day. People sing hymns and attend ‘Katha’ in Gurudwara where Guru Nanak’s teachings from their holy text is read out. The ‘Katha’ is followed by ‘Kirtan’ where people sing songs dedicated to their guru.This day is of great significance to the Sikhs around the world.
It is believed that Guru Nanak Devji, born in 1469 AD was always sympathetic towards the poor and needy. It is also believed that he often distributed his money to the under privileged and helped them in whatever way he could. Although he belonged to the family of Kshatriyas (Warriors) he studied both, Hinduism and Islam. He was much fascinated by both these religions and more so by the Sufis.
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He took inspiration from Kabir and followed his teachings. He preached love, peace and truth all his life. Nanak used to engage in long discussions with holy men, pandits and mullahs. He was a poet, a saint and a singer and on this day, people remember the saint on his birthday by doing ‘sewa’ or service in the Gurudwaras.