Gulbarg Society massacre case, Highlights: SC defers hearing on Zakia Jafri’s plea challenging clean chit to Narendra Modi till November 26

By: | Updated:Nov 19, 2018 1:51 pm

Gulbarg Society massacre case LIVE Updates: The Supreme Court on Monday deferred hearing till November 26 on Zakia Jafri's plea challenging clean chit given to Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2002 Gulbarg society massacre case.

Gulbarg Society massacre case LIVE UpdatesGulbarg Society massacre case LIVE Updates: Supreme Court to hear Zakia Jafri?s plea challenging clean chit to Narendra Modi

Gulbarg Society massacre case: The Supreme Court on Monday deferred hearing till November 26 on Zakia Jafri’s plea challenging clean chit given to Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2002 Gulbarg society massacre case. Zakia is wife of deceased Gujarat Congress leader Ehsan Jafri. She had moved top court contesting the SC-appointed SIT decision to give clean chit to then Chief Minister Modi, politicians and senior bureaucrats.

“The matter will take some time for hearing. The plea will be heard on November 26,” a bench headed by Justice AM Khanwilkar said.

At the outset, senior Advocate Mukul Rohatgi appearing for SIT said Zakia Jafri’s plea was not maintainable and social activist Teesta Seetalvad cannot be the second petitioner in the case. To this, the top court said that it will look into the application for making Teesta Setalvad as co-petitioner in Zakia’s Special Leave Petition (SLP).

In her petition, Zakia has challenged the Gujarat High Court’s October 5, 2017 judgment to uphold a magistrate order accepting the closure report filed the SIT. She has termed the court’s order erroneous and demanded that the case be reopened.

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Gulbarg Society massacre case: SC defers hearing on Zakia Jafri's plea till November 26

13:17 (IST)19 Nov 2018
SC defers hearing till November 26

The Supreme Court today deferred hearing till November 26 on Zakia Jafri's plea challenging clean chit given to Narendra Modi by SIT in 2002 post-Godhra riot case. The court said that it will look into the application for making Teesta Setalvad as co-petitioner in Zakia's plea.

12:32 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Gulbarg Society massacre: Timeline of events

February 2002: Former Congress MP Ehsan Jafri and 68 others were killed during riots at Gulberg society in Ahmedabad.

November 2003: The Supreme Court had passed an order staying the trial in Gujarat riots-related cases and Godhra train carnage. The court had passed this order while hearing a petition filed by the National Human Rights Commission and NGO Citizens for Justice and Peace.

November 2007: Gujarat High Court dismissed a petition of Ehsan's wife Zakia Jafri. In her petition, she had sought court’s directive to the police to register a complaint against then Gujarat CM Narendra Modi and 62 others for their role in Gulberg Society massacre.

March 2008: Supreme Court directed the Gujarat government to set up a SIT for a further probe into 14 Godhra and post-Godhra communal riots cases.

August 2009: SIT filed charge sheet in the Gulberg society massacre case.

2010: SC allowed SIT to conduct further probe on the complaint by Zakia Jafri. She had alleged that Modi and 62 others orchestrated the riots.

February 2012: The SIT filed closure report. It said that there was no prosecutable evidence against Modi and 62 others. All 63 were named in the complaint filed by Zakia and NGO Citizens for Justice and Peace.

March 2012: Ahmedabad based Metropolitan Court rejects Zakia Jafri's petition seeking SIT report be made public.

December 2013: The local court rejected Zakia's petition challenging the closure report filed by SIT.

November 2014: The trial in the Gulberg Society massacre case resumed after Supreme Court's direction to conclude it in 3 months. In August next year, the top court granted a three-month extension to complete trial in the case.

September 2015: Trial court completes trial. A total od 338 witnesses were examined.

February 2016: The Supreme Court lifted ban on pronouncing verdict and asked the trial court to complete process by May 31, 2016.

June 2, 2016: Special court delivered judgment. The court convicted 24 and acquitted 36. The quantum of punishment was announced on June 17. The court had ordered life imprisonment for 11, 10 years jail for one and 7 years jail for 7.

12:06 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Gulbarg Society massacre: Supreme Court appointed SIT in 2008

The Supreme Court appointed SIT in 2008 to probe the 2002 riots. The SIT in its report gave clean chit to then Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, other politicians and senior bureaucrats. However, Ehsan's widow Zakia Jafri argued that then CM and now the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi was partly responsible for the violence. However, the SIT rejected her argument.

11:46 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Gulbarg Society massacre: Who was Ehsan Jafri?

Ehsan Jafri was a Congress leader. He was killed on February 28, 2022 in the Gulbarg Society massacre during the Gujarat riots. Rportedly, he was killed by a mob armed with machetes when he pleaded with them to spare the lives of the women and children who had taken refuge in his home. However, according to the SC-appointed SIT, he was killed after he fired at an agitated communal Hindu mob outside his house. He had joined the Congress in 1960s. He was heading the Congress' Ahmedabad unit unit by 1972. In 1977, after the Emergency when Congress routed in most Indian states, Ehsan managed to win the Ahmedabad seat. Thereafter, he remained an active member of the Congress and held several key post in the party.

11:15 (IST)19 Nov 2018
What Zakia Jafri's petition says

The SC-appointed SIT had come to the conclusion that no case was made out and the same was accepted by the magistrate, the petition by Zakia Jafri said, adding that finding was erroneously reiterated by the High Court. The petition further argued that HC refused to interfere with the special court's order despite large amount of documentation and contemporaneous evidence.

10:34 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Gujarat riots: Zakia Jafri says not provided requisite records

According to Zakia Jafri, the Supreme Court directed that she should be given an opportunity to file her counter petition in the case. In her petition, she said that though the SIT had on February 8, 2012 filed a closure report, she was not provided requisite records.

10:11 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Post-Godhra riots: 2012 verdict acquitted 58 accused

A metropolitan court had in 2012 acquitted all 58 accused in the post-Godhra riots. A total of 69 people were killed in riots. Metropolitan magistrate MS Bhatt had then said, “According to the SIT, no offence has been established against any of the 58 persons listed in Zakia’s complaint.” The petitioners had then challenged the acquittal in the High Court in 2013. Last year, the court upheld the judgment.

10:02 (IST)19 Nov 2018
2002 Gujarat riots

In 2002, deadly incidents of communal violence had rocked Gujarat for three days. The riots followed the burning of a coach of Varanasi-bound Sabarmati Express at Godhra. The train was full of kar sevaks. The incident had killed 59 people. Following this, Hindus and and Muslims had clashed across the state. Gulberg Society massacre was among the most deadly instance of violence. A total of 68 people were killed including Zakia's husband Ehsan Jafri.

09:54 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Gujarat riots: SIT's clean chit to Narendra Modi

A Special Investigation Team (SIT) appointed by Supreme Court had investigated the riots and gave a clean chit to Narendra Modi. The investigation report was accepted the magistrate and subsequently it was upheld by the Gujarat High Court.

09:46 (IST)19 Nov 2018
Gulbarg Society massacre case: Who is Zakia Jafri?

Zakia Jafri, 80, is wife of deceased Gujarat Congress MP Ehsan Jafri. He was killed in one of the worst incidents of violence that rocked the state of Gujarat in 2002. Zakia moved Supreme Court after Gujarat High Court upheld a magistrate's decision to accept the closure report of the SIT in the case.

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