Farmers protests in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh: BJP governments in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh had announced several measures for farmers in the states respectively to pacify the community. Both the governments felt that these initiatives will douse the ongoing agitation and bring back normalcy. In an unprecedented move, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis had announced the largest ever loan waiver for 31 lakh farmers in the state. On the other hand, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan had called off his 28-hour fast at Dussehra Maidan in Bhopal. He announced that government had taken a slew of initiatives for the agrarian community. The CM, who had appealed for clam, said peace had returned in the state following the deaths of farmers in Mandsaur.
Here are key takeaways from Maharashtra government decisions
The Devendra Fadnavis government had announced a historic mega loan waiver scheme which will benefit 31 lakh farmers, according to Indian Express report. Earlier, the ruling dispensation had maintained that they would consider loans of only small and marginal farmers.
The state government had also announced to hike the milk price as demanded by protesting farmers.
It has been learned that total loan of 1.36 crore farmers will be Rs 1.14 lakh crore. The government estimate showed that loan waiver will not exceed Rs 35,000.
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The government, however, will introduce to ensure that genuine farmers get the actual benefits not the big business houses, professionals or politicians who own large parcels of agriculture land, the IE report says.
“The loan waiver is for all farmers and not confined to just small and marginal categories. There will be defined parameters to ensure genuine and needy farmers are not left out of the institutional credit bracket,” CM Fadnavis told Indian Express. He had also annouced that farmers had called of their strike.
Fadnavis had indicated that loan model would be on the lines of decisons taken by the Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh and that of in Telangana. “There was an overwhelming response from farmer leaders that loan waiver should be for needy farmers, and not become a medium availed by rich and prosperous individuals or groups at the cost of poor and needy farmers,” he said.
Notably, On June 1, farmers hailing from a village in Ahmednagar district in the state went on strike followed by many farmers groups in other parts, who tried to suspend vegetable and milk supply to Mumbai.
Highlights of the Shivraj Singh Chouhan government initiatives
CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan had announce a raft measures after farmers protests rocked the state even as he had sent a strong message saying that a high-level probe would be ordered to reveal those who were behind the Mandsaur violence. “They were definitely not farmers but shaitan (devils) and haivan (beasts) who tried to defame Madhya Pradesh and they will not be spared,” the Chief Minister was quoted as saying by the IE report.
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The state government will set up Kisan bazars in every nagar palika and nagar panchayat. Farmers to sell their produce directly to customers these bazars. CM Chouhan said that this would make brokers redundant and allow farmers to get a better price for their produce.
The government will not allow the sale of any produce below the MSP will not be allowed. In a stringent message, the government has said any violation will be treated as a crime.
The government also promised to buy soybean stored by farmers along with tur, moong and urad till June 30.
Amul pattern of buying milk from farmers at a much higher rate will be followed in the state, according IE report.
The government will set up village knowledge centres. Apart from it, a Rajya Bhoomi Upyog Paramarsh Seva (state land use advisory service) will be started to give timely advice to farmers on crops.
The government had also categorically mentioned agriculture land will not be forcibly acquired for urban schemes.
The government had said that a price stabilisation corpus of Rs 1,000 crore will be constituted. It had announced a commission that will decide fair price after calculating input cost.
The government announced that a settlement scheme to bring loan defaulters under the credit net again to enable them to get interest-free loans, the report says.