US President Donald Trump has supported a legislation that would cut down the total number of legal immigrants in the country almost by half. The move will cut legal immigration and replace the current employment-based visas to a ‘merit-based’ system, favouring English-speaking skilled workers for residency cards. According to reports, the newly proposed merit-based immigration system has the potential to benefit Indians, a large number of whom have high levels of education and skills. However, the extent of benefit will largely depend on the finer details of how the proposal will be implemented.
Here are 5 major points that suggests the merit-based immigration would be beneficial for Indian professionals:
i. Factors that would be taken into account for earning a Green Card in the country include English language skills, educational qualification, high-paying job offers and age. If passed by the Congress and rolled out, the legislation could benefit highly-educated people and technology professionals especially from countries like India.
ii. According to PTI, the Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment (RAISE) Act would trash the current lottery system to get into the US and rather institute a points-based system for earning a Green Card.
iii. Reports also say that RAISE Act will put an end to chain migration and will replace the low-skilled system with a new points-based system for receiving a Green Card.
iv. This newly proposed competitive application process will provide a fair chance to applicants who can speak English, financially support themselves and their families and demonstrate skills that will contribute to country’s economy.
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v. According to the announcement made by the authorities, priority would be given to prime working ages. Someone aged between 18 to 21 years will get six points, 22 to 25 years will get eight points and 26 to 30 years will get 10 points. According to a report by the Pew Research Center, 70 per cent of Indians in the US are college graduates and thus, maximum number of Indians would get fair chance to earn Green Cards now.
The way in which the proposed law will ultimately affect Indians will also depend on how country limits and caps the number of employment visas. Also, it would be interesting to see how these employment visas are retained or handled along with retention of the immigration privileges for brothers and sisters of citizens and their families.