Level of development in Delhi has worsened over the last 10 years, according to the Economic Survey 2017-18 of India, tabled in Parliament by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on January 29.
Level of development in Delhi has worsened over the last 10 years, according to the Economic Survey 2017-18 of India, tabled in Parliament by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on January 29. Shedding some light on the scores of Indian states across all dimensions including Gender Score and Per Capita Income, the Economic Survey revealed that Delhi’s performance has actually worsened in a decade. It adds that while the national capital was at its highest score in 2005-06 at 73, it had fallen down to 70.9 in 2015-16. While talking about the best-performing state, the survey stated that most North-Eastern states (with the exception of Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh) and Goa are the best performers at all points of time.
While further detailing on the performance of the states, the survey revealed that after most North-Eastern states and Goa, Kerala is the next best performer. The lagging performers are Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and, surprisingly, Andhra Pradesh. The scores of states have been given to the states on the basis of a graph where the variables are calibrated such that the maximum score is 100 percent. The scores of the states in 2005-06 are on the x-axis and the scores in 2015-16 are on the y-axis, with the 45-degree line helping in understanding of movements over time. Northeastern states have been coloured blue. All the other states are coloured red.
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While talking about the different pattern that has emerged on the basis of the graph, the economic survey said all states (with the exception of Delhi) are above the 45-degree line, underscoring the earlier results that there is an improvement over time.
Assessing distance of the Indian states from their absolute frontier in the graph, the survey said that the worst Indian score is 57.6 (Bihar) and the best is 81 (Sikkim) with most of India scoring between 55 and 65 (about 40 per cent away from the frontier).
The survey also assesses the gender score for Indian states in 2015 against log per capita income. While explaining the same it conveys how states are performing in “development time.” It states, “Here, the North-Eastern states have much better gender scores given their levels of income (they are well above their line of best fit). On the other hand, accounting for their levels of income, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Bihar and Tamil Nadu perform less well.”