Growing numbers of farmer suicides is a big issue. It has often disrupted proceedings of Parliament. A study has revealed that 59,000 farm-related suicides have occurred in last three decades in the country, Indian Express reported on Wednesday. Warming due to climate change is accountable for these unfortunate deaths, the study says. Southern parts of the country have witnessed the most severe increase in suicide due to change in temperature, the report says. The study was conducted by the University of California, Berkeley, researcher Tamma Carleton. “These are deaths that would not have occurred, had the warming we’ve observed in the historical climate record not taken place,” Carleton was quoted as saying by IE.
On July 6, the Supreme Court had said that the issue of rising farmers’ suicide cannot be dealt with ‘overnight’. The apex court agreed with the Central government’s request for a year to show effective results of its pro-farmer schemes like Fasal Bima Yojana. “We are of the view that the issue of farmers’ suicide cannot be dealt with overnight. It is justified on behalf of the Attorney General to seek time for effective results,” a bench of Chief Justice J S Khehar and Justice D Y Chandrachud was quoted as saying by PTI.
The study titled as ‘Crop-damaging temperatures increase suicide rates in India’ was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) on July 31. Although the central government recently announced a $1.3 billion climate-based crop insurance scheme motivated as suicide prevention policy, the study noted that evidence to support such an intervention is lacking.
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The study showed that “warming a single day by 1 degree Celsius during India’s agricultural growing season leads to roughly 65 suicides across the country, whenever that day’s temperature is above 20 degrees Celsius.