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  1. Caste, jobs and Modi: Gujarat’s debutant voters talk politics

Caste, jobs and Modi: Gujarat’s debutant voters talk politics

Mehsana, the hub of the Patidar agitation, is a sometimes bumpy 35-km bus ride from Vadnagar, the hometown of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

By: | Published: December 8, 2017 12:56 PM
Narendra Modi, Mehsana, hometown of Narendra Modi, Patidar agitatoon, Vadnagar, Vadgam, Gujarat assembly elections 2017, caste, jobs, Hardik Patel, Jignesh Mevani, BJP, Patidar, Dalit, dalit atrocities Mehsana, the hub of the Patidar agitation, is a sometimes bumpy 35-km bus ride from Vadnagar, the hometown of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. (Image: IE)

Mehsana, the hub of the Patidar agitation, is a sometimes bumpy 35-km bus ride from Vadnagar, the hometown of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.  A group of chatty youngsters hop on to a creaky Vadnagar-bound bus of the Gujarat State Transport Corporation, which lumbers off the unpaved Mehsana terminus, leaving a trail of dust.  The conductor struggles to make himself heard in the raucous group, mostly BSc students in a local college voting for the first time on December 14, phase two of the Gujarat polls.  Mehsana and Vadnagar fall in Mehsana district. However, Vadnagar falls in the Unjha constituency while Mehsana city is a separate constituency.

But politics is not uppermost in their minds. The first-time voters, who form a crucial voting block of 12 lakh, seem to be just waking up to political consciousness — somewhat like the faint fuzz on their upper lip.  Ashish Patel and Jashavant Sinh are best friends. But adulthood has made them discover that their political views are poles apart, one pushing for reservation for the Patel community and the other veering towards the BJP.  Ashish, a Kadva Patel (a subcaste of the Patidars or Patels), is an ardent supporter of Hardik Patel, the firebrand leader of the Patidar Amanat Andolan Samiti (PAAS), which has been fighting for reservation and has come out in support of the Congress. The 21-year-old is the son of a land-owning farmer in Visnagar, a major pitstop between Mehsana and Vadnagar.

“Patels are not necessarily wealthy. None of us has government jobs. The land we own is not enough to feed our entire family. That is why we need reservations,” says Ashish, justifying his support for Hardik Patel.  According to him, a false perception that Patels are dominant in all spheres of society has gained traction, leaving the economically backward among them in the lurch.  Patels form around 12 per cent of the electorate and among them Kadvas, to which Hardik and Ashish belong, are fewer in number. They can potentially influence the outcome of around 60 seats out of the 182 in the state, say analysts.  The Leuvas are numerically more dominant and are represented by leaders like former chief minister Anandiben Patel of the BJP.

However, Jashavant is not impressed with Ashish’s argument and is convinced that the BJP will make a resounding comeback for a fifth term.  His father, a state government employee, told him so, says Jashavant, who hails from Sabarkantha in north Gujarat.
“State government employees get a sense of the electorate’s mood better than anyone else,” he says. “And why should the BJP not win? Modi has brought in development, he is one of us,” he adds, pointing to Modi’s local roots.  Though their political views are still in the formative stage, the youngsters are acutely caste conscious.  Vikram Choudhary, Dhaval Choudhary, Vikas Choudhary and Nikhil Desai, all travelling to Vadnagar, say they are OBCs.

“Vadnagar is all about Modiji, who is himself an OBC. No other party will register any presence. There’s development all around us,” Vikas says, while others helpfully point to an upcoming medical college in the area.  They all hope to pursue higher education degrees and land government jobs.  OBC leader Alpesh Thakore, on whom the Congress is banking for a chunk of OBC votes, finds resonance but whether or not that will translate into votes is still to be seen.  “We have heard he has worked a lot for the community and would have voted for him only if he had been with the BJP,” says Nikhil.  According to observers, there are no signs of a possible consolidation of OBC votes, around 40 per cent of the electorate in the state, which has 146 listed OBC castes.

For the debutants, what matters is development and jobs. Issues like the 2002 riots matter little to these youngsters, mostly in their early 20s who were probably just beginning school at the time.  When the topic is brought up, they don’t show much interest, many saying they are aware that something had happened but have no “deep” understanding.  Hitesh Solanki is the quiet occupant of a corner seat. He is also pursuing BSc, but from another college in Visnagar.  Unlike others, Solanki, a Scheduled Caste, opens up only after much persuasion.  His family does not own any land, nor is anyone in his family a government servant.  “My family has been traditional Congress supporters. I am not much into politics but why not give Rahul Gandhi an opportunity? He appears to be a sincere person,” says this son of a landless farmer.

Solanki says he has not heard of Jignesh Mevani, the Dalit leader who is contesting as an Independent with Congress support from Vadagam in north Gujarat.  Mevani shot to fame when he organised a series of protests against atrocities against Dalits.  As the bus reaches Vadnagar, the youngsters rush out. “Do write that we all studied in the same school where Modiji studied. It’s right across the railway station where he sold tea as a child,” one of them shouts out.  The first phase of the Gujarat election is tomorrow and the second phase on December 14. The results will be announced on December 18.

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