Scheduled Tribe (ST) students recorded 47% growth as the the enrolment of Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) students in higher education institutions has increased notably between 2014-15 and 2020-21, revealed the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2020-21 report.
Furthermore, the report released by the Ministry of Education showed that of the 4.13 crore students enrolled in 2020-21, 14.2 % belonged to SC category, 5.8 % ST category and 35.8 % to OBC category. The remaining 44.2 % students were from other communities.
“The growth in enrolment of Scheduled Caste students in 2020-21 as compared to 2019-20 is 4.2 %, whereas the growth in 2019-20 over 2018-19 was 1.6 pc. Further, overall increase in SC student enrolment since 2014-15 is 27.96 pc. Enrolment of Scheduled Tribe students has increased to 24.1 lakh in 2020-21 from 21.6 lakh in 2019-20,” the report said.
“This increase (11.9 pc) is significantly higher than the increase recorded the previous year (4.3 pc). Notably, overall increase in ST student enrolment since 2014-15 is 47.00 pc,” it added.
According to the survey report, enrolment of students from Other Backward Classes has increased to about 1.48 crore in 2020-21 from 1.42 crore in 2019-20. Also, overall increase in OBC student enrolment since 2014-15 is 31.67 %.
The Ministry of Education has been conducting All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) since 2011, covering all higher educational institutions located in the country and imparting higher education.
The survey collects detailed information on different parameters such as student enrolment, teachers’ data, infrastructural information, financial information, etc.
For the first time, in AISHE 2020-21, the higher education institutions, or HEIs, have filled the data online through the Web Data Capture Format (DCF) developed by the Department of Higher Education with the help of the National Informatics Centre (NIC).
The AISHE report noted that total enrolment in higher education has increased to nearly 4.13 crore in 2020-21 from 3.85 crore in 2019-20 (increase of 28.80 lakh).
“The annual rate of increase in enrolment has also shown an improvement over the years. The increase in enrolment in 2020-21 over 2019-20 is 7.4 pc, which was 3 pc during 2019-20 and 2.7 pc during 2018-19. Further, overall increase in enrolment since 2014-15 is 20.9 pc.
“A total of 2.12 crore (51.3 pc) male and 2.01 crore (48.7 pc) female students were enrolled in higher education. In 2019-20, the number of male students enrolled was 1.96 crore and female students enrolled was 1.89 crore,” it said.
The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education has also reached 27.3 %. GER is the ratio of 18-23-year-old adults attending college to the total population. It has been calculated according to the 2011 census.
Talking about the institute-wise enrolment, the survey said that majority of the enrolment is in government institutions, despite a large share of private institutions in the country.
“The government universities that constitute 59.1 % of total universities contribute 73.1 % of total enrolment of students. Whereas, private universities that constitute 40 % of the total higher education institutions account for only 26.3 % of the total enrolment,” the survey read.
With inputs from PTI.