Gender parity in India, women outnumber men in higher education says HRD survey

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New Delhi | Published: January 6, 2018 10:45:20 AM

India is now getting close to gender parity in the classroom as in recent cases, women have outnumbered men in education .

gender parity, gender parity india, women education, women men comparison, all india surveyIndia is now getting close to gender parity in the classroom as in recent cases, women have outnumbered men in education . (PTI)

India is now getting close to gender parity in the classroom as in recent cases, women have outnumbered men in education . This is the silver lining in the latest education trend in the country after the narrowing of gender gap with more girls now opting for college according to The Indian Express.

The All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) has shown that India has now registered its best performance on the Gender Parity Index (GPI) in the last seven years- from 0.86 in 2010-11 to 0.94 in 2016-17. In Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, J&K, Nagaland, Sikkim and Kerala; more women are educated than men. In fact, in 2015, India was predicted to be the only country in South and West Asia to have an equal ratio of girls to boys in both primary and secondary education. However, the proportion of students pursuing higher education is in the range 0f 23% to 25 % since 2013-14, with not much difference. Six states namely Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Haryana registered GER higher than the national average (25.2%), with their share of students entering higher education growing twice as fast as the overall rate. GER is a statistical measure for determining the number of students enrolled in undergraduate, postgraduate and research-level studies within the country and expressed as a percentage of the population. While Tamil Nadu has the highest GER at 46.9%, Bihar ranks the lowest with 14.4 percent. Meanwhile, almost 80 per cent of the enrolment, or 2.83 crore, were studying at the undergraduate level. About 40 lakh, or 11.2 per cent students, were studying at the postgraduate level.

As per the survey, the number of universities have also gone up from 799 to 864 universities. The total number of students in higher education was about 3.57 crore, of which 1.9 crore were boys and 1.67 crore girls. Also it has been found earlier that states in south India have higher college density, which is defined as the number of colleges per lakh eligible population. Puducherry has, on average, 549 students enrolled in each college, followed by Telangana with 483 and Karnataka with 381. Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal are at the bottom of the pile with seven, eight and 11 colleges, respectively, for every one lakh students.

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