With total funds of $4.1 billion, Indians rank 16th on the new leaked HSBC Swiss bank account holders list from over 200 countries, while people from Switzerland itself are on the top.
The Swiss account list, made public by an international body of journalists ICIJ (International Consortium of Investigative Journalists), comprises over one lakh HSBC customers and their bank accounts with balances totalling over $100 billion.
There are more than 19,000 clients not associated with any country, ICIJ said.
In terms of money in these accounts, account holders from Switzerland are on the top ($31.2 billion), followed by UK, Venezuela, US and France in the top five. India is at 16th place on this parameter.
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In terms of the number of account holders, India is at 18th place (1,668 account holders), while Switzerland is on the top again with 11,235 account holders. Others in the top-five include France, UK, Brazil and Italy.
ICIJ said that its “Swiss Leaks project is based on a trove of almost 60,000 leaked files that provide details on over 100,000 HSBC clients and their bank accounts.
He turned the data over to the French government in 2008 and its tax authority launched an investigation.
French newspaper Le Monde obtained a version of the tax authority data and shared it with ICIJ with the agreement that it would assemble a global team of journalists to explore the data and produce this reporting project.
“The data comes from three types of internal bank files from different time periods. One reflects clients and their associated private accounts at the Swiss branch of the bank mostly from 1988 to 2007.
The leaked files also include a snapshot of the maximum amounts in the client accounts during 2006 and 2007, as also “notes on clients and conversations with them made by bank employees during 2005”.
About its findings, ICIJ said that the Swiss branch of HSBC “continued to offer services to clients who had been unfavourably named by the United Nations, in court documents and in the media as connected to arms trafficking, blood diamonds and bribery”.
“HSBC served those close to discredited regimes such as that of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, former Tunisian president Ben Ali and current Syrian ruler Bashar al-Assad.
“India is ranked 16th among the countries with the largest dollar amounts in the leaked Swiss files,” ICIJ said, while adding that the maximum amount of money associated with a client connected to India was $876.3 million.
There are 2,699 accounts linked to 1,688 Indians on the list. Out of these, 1,403 client accounts were opened between 1969 and 2006.
Out of the total 1,668 clients associated with India, 51 per cent have an Indian passport or nationality, ICIJ said. The remaining accounts were liked to offshore companies, or were ‘numbered’ accounts.
“The bank repeatedly reassured clients that it would not disclose details of accounts to national authorities, even if evidence suggested that the accounts were undeclared to tax authorities in the client’s home country.
“Bank employees also discussed with clients a range of measures that would ultimately allow clients to avoid paying taxes in their home countries,” ICIJ said, while adding this included holding accounts in the name of offshore companies to avoid regulatory glare,” it added.