Labour and employment secretary Shankar Aggarwal, a 1980 batch IAS officer from Uttar Pradesh, speaks to Surya Sarathi Ray of Financial Express on why the talks with trade unions failed and the rationale behind raising bounties for the workmen. Q: Why did talks with the central trade unions fail? A: CTUs had already given a call for the strike, so, they are going ahead with it. We have addressed all their demands and still if they feel the need to go for the strike, which, I think, is under\u00a0 certain compulsions. As far as I know, BMS and DHN are not going for the strike. Q: Do you think the strike and the atmosphere it created could hit \u201cMake in India\u201d initiative? A: I don\u2019t think so.\u00a0 The idea behind \u201cMake in India\u201d campaign us to create jobs for millions of people. The government and all other associations would not stop taking decisions ( aimed at increasing India's manufacturing competitiveness), after the strike. Q: The labour ministry has assured the CTUs of many things\u2013 to make minimum wages mandatory, to enhance bonus ceiling etc. Are you sure that you will get the approval of the Cabinet to implement them? A: Yes, we are confident. The competent authority is the government and Parliament. At the moment, these assurances are from the ministry of labourl. Q: Don\u2019t you think that the cost of manufacturing will go up, if you implement all of them? A: I don\u2019t think so. The cost of manufacturing depends on various factors- the productivity needs to improve.. The idea is that we must have highly-skilled and committed people. Unless we raise the productivity, we won\u2019t be globally competitive and be able to create jobs within the country. Q: Are you sure that these bounties would enhance productivity? A: This is a need for a balanced approach. We are trying to make people productive and to create an environment where there is an incentive for high productivity.