The Government aims to transform about 100 cities by 2019-20, with the Centre providing financial support of Rs 48,000 crore over five years.
From creating walkable localities, reduce congestion, air pollution and resource depletion, boost local economy, promote interactions and ensure security to applying Smart Solutions to infrastructure and services in area-based development in order to make them better, smart cities offer a variety of modern features. Here are some features of comprehensive development in Smart Cities:
1) Promoting mixed land use in area based developments–planning for ‘unplanned areas’ containing a range of compatible activities and land uses close to one another in order to make land use more efficient. The States will enable some flexibility in land use and building bye-laws to adapt to change.
2) Housing and inclusiveness – expand housing opportunities for all.
3) Creating walkable localities –reduce congestion, air pollution and resource depletion, boost local economy, promote interactions and ensure security.
4)The road network is created or refurbished not only for vehicles and public transport, but also for pedestrians and cyclists, and necessary administrative services are offered within walking or cycling distance.
5) Preserving and developing open spaces – parks, playgrounds, and recreational spaces in order to enhance the quality of life of citizens, reduce the urban heat effects in Areas and generally promote eco-balance.
6) Promoting a variety of transport options – Transit Oriented Development (TOD), public transport and last mile para-transport connectivity.
7) Making governance citizen-friendly and cost effective – increasingly rely on online services to bring about accountability and transparency, especially using mobiles to reduce cost of services and providing services without having to go to municipal offices.
8)Forming e-groups to listen to people and obtain feedback and use online monitoring of programs and activities with the aid of cyber tour of worksites.
9) Giving an identity to the city – based on its main economic activity, such as local cuisine, health, education, arts and craft, culture, sports goods, furniture, hosiery, textile, dairy, etc.
10) Applying Smart Solutions to infrastructure and services in area-based development in order to make them better. For example, making Areas less vulnerable to disasters, using fewer resources, and providing cheaper services.
What is a Smart City?
A ‘smart city’ is an urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents. According to the documents released on the Smart Cities website, the core infrastructure in a smart city would include:
- Adequate water supply,
- Assured electricity supply,
- Sanitation, including solid waste management,
- Efficient urban mobility and public transport,
- Affordable housing, especially for the poor,
- Robust IT connectivity and digitalization,
- Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation,
- Sustainable environment,
- Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly,
- Health and education
Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu on Tuesady announced the next set of 27 cities for financing under the Government flagship Smart City Mission. Here is the list of the 27 cities on the basis of the score they obtained:
- Amritsar (Punjab)
- Kalyan (Maharashtra)
- Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
- Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh)
- Nagpur (Maharashtra)
- Mangalore (Karnataka)
- Vellore (Tamil Nadu)
- Thane (Maharashtra)
- Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh)
- Agra (UttarPradesh)
- Nashik (Maharashtra)
- Rourkela (Odisha)
- Kanpur (UttarPradesh)
- Madurai (Tamil Nadu)
- Kota (Rajasthan)
- Tumkur (Karnataka)
- Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu)
- Namchi (Sikkim)
- Jalandhar (Punjab)
- Shimoga (Karnataka)
- Salem (Tamil Nadu)
- Ajmer (Rajasthan)
- Varanasi (UttarPradesh)
- Kohima (Nagaland)
- Hubli-Darvad (Karnataka)
- Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
- Vadodara (Gujarat)
The 27 cities will require investment of Rs 66,883 crore.