After the WPI (Wholesale Price Index) or Wholesale inflation dipped at the record low of at least eight months the industry body PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry suggested the Reserve Bank of India to cut down key interest rates. “Despite the significant deceleration in inflation rate, the repo rate is still high and growth of industry and manufacturing sector is in the lackluster trajectory,” Gopal Jiwarajka, President of PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said here in a statement. So, at this juncture rate cut becomes inevitable to support the industrial growth and to enhance the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector, he said. “Now, almost all the factors are favourable such as good monsoon behaviour, inflation is under control and GST is implemented,” he said. “Going ahead, we expect at least 25 basis points cut in repo rate from 6.25 per cent to 6 per cent in the forthcoming third bi-monthly monetary policy due on August 2 and further, 25 basis points cut in repo rate by December 2017,” he added. RBI reduced the repo rate by 25 basis points in October 2016, however, industry was expecting a rate cut at so many junctures. Firstly, at the time of demonetisation, secondly at the time of fiscal consolidation measures announced during Union Budget 2017-18 and thirdly at the time of good monsoon in July 2017, Jiwarajka said. “We appreciate the efforts of the government to tackle the retail inflation scenario which has come down significantly from 6.1 per cent in July 2016 to the level of 1.5 per cent in June 2017,” he said.
Wholesale price index (WPI) inflation has also decelerated from 3.3 per cent in January 2017 to 0.9 per cent in June 2017. On the other hand, growth in industry output, as measured in terms of Index of Industrial Production (IIP), for the month of May 2017 grew only at 1.7 per cent of which the growth of manufacturing sector stands at 1.2 per cent in the same period. The Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) fell to a four-month low of 50.9 in June 2017 from 51.6 in May 2017, signalling a subdued improvement in the manufacturing sector. India’s inflation rate is lower as compared to various advanced and emerging economies such as the US, Germany, South Africa, Brazil and Russia.
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However, interest rates in India are much higher than the US, Germany, China and Singapore, he added. It has been observed that the US has lower inflation rate (1.6 per cent), but at the policy front, interest rates in the country is also low at 1.25 per cent. Similarly in the case of China and Singapore, the inflation and interest rates are in the lower trajectory. “Considering the good monsoon behaviour supported by reforms in the supply side, we believe the inflation should not be more than 4 per cent in the current financial year 2017-18,” Jiwarajka said.