Faced with challenges like fuel supply risks, cost overruns at private plants and financially weak discoms, India's power sector outlook remains negative, says Moody's Investors Service.
Faced with challenges like fuel supply risks, cost overruns at private plants and financially weak discoms, India’s power sector outlook remains negative, says Moody’s Investors Service.
“Our outlook for the Indian power sector remains negative, because the industry faces persistent challenges, mainly resulting from high, albeit moderating, fuel supply risk, cost over-runs at some plants operated by independent power producers (IPPs), and the limited capacity to pay on the part of financially weak distribution utilities,” Moody’s said in a press release today.
Some independent power producers (IPPs) are also locked into power purchase agreements (PPAs) that have become unviable because they do not allow the high costs of imported fuel to be passed through, it said.
Indian power generators’ capacity utilisation will likely be limited by the financial weakness of offtakers, in turn constraining off-take electricity demand, despite growing electricity demand and increasing domestic coal, it added.
For Indiaâ€™s NTPC, its unfavourable business conditions are offset by the Indian central and state governmentsâ€™ and the Reserve Bank of Indiaâ€™s standing agreement to offset high offtaker risk, and the companyâ€™s well secured fuel supply sources from domestic and overseas markets.
Low commodity prices will benefit Indian IPPs by making power more affordable for offtakers. However, the offtakers weak financial profiles pose a risk to timely payments to IPPs under PPAs.
Meanwhile, the high offtaker risk in India will not be addressed over at least the outlook period (next 12-18 months), as the financial profiles of offtakers will remain weak. Some state governments have also not paid all subsidies that the distribution utilities are entitled to; thereby constraining the utilities’ liquidity positions.
The long-term viability of the IPPs remains uncertain, without timely tariff compensation.
“India’s coal-based power generators will eventually carry additional environmental risk stemming from concerns over the future availability of ground and river water for power generation. As a result, we expect that these generators will see a gradual increase in capex to secure water, to avoid a decline in capacity utilization rat,” it said.
Moody’s stable outlook for the power sector in Asia Pacific (ex-Japan) is underpinned by steady demand, low input costs for most countries and transparent tariff mechanisms for some countries.
“Steady demand for electricity in most countries in the region, and low input costs under stable market structures will allow most power companies to recover capex and maintain adequate financial buffers,” said Mic Kang, a Moody’s Vice President and Senior Analyst.