India has suffered from the malnutrition problem since long and accounts for almost a third of the world's burden for stunting, according to Global Nutrition Report 2018.
Malnutrition in children has seen improvement in the last two fiscal years as the Modi government’s initiatives seem to have started showing results. The child malnutrition or stunting has reduced by 2 per cent per annum, a survey conducted by UNICEF and Ministry of Health showed.
The rate of stunting of children in India fell from 38.4 per cent in 2015-16 to 34.7 per cent in 2017-18, news agency PTI reported citing an unidentified senior government official. This plunge of 2 per cent each year is mainly on account of government initiatives, he said.
Malnutrition is a serious concern for any country as it not only affects the individual but also the nation in various ways. India has suffered from the malnutrition problem since long and accounts for almost a third of the world’s burden for stunting, according to Global Nutrition Report 2018.
Moreover, anemia in women fell from 50-60 percent in 2015-16 to 40 per cent in 2017-18, the official added.
Previously, in 2015-16, stunting of children in the age group of 0-6 years had fallen to 38.4 percent from 48 percent in 2004-05 , according to the data by National Family Health Survey (NFHS)- 4 (2015-16).
The Modi government has implemented various schemes and programs to address the issue of malnutrition in the country. These include Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme, Mission Indradhanush and Swachh Bharat Mission.
The government also also launched National Nutrition Mission also known as Poshan Abhiyan in 2018. The initiative aims to prevent and reduce prevalence of stunting among children from 38.4 per cent in 2015-16 to 25 per cent by 2022.