As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set by United Nations reach their December 2015 deadline (started in 2000), India has made notable progress towards reaching the goals, but achievement varies across categories.
As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set by United Nations reach their December 2015 deadline (started in 2000), India has made notable progress towards reaching the goals, but achievement varies across categories. In a report released on Tuesday, the UN said India has already achieved the target for reducing poverty by half and is set to achieve reducing hunger by half.
It has already achieved gender parity in primary school enrolment (Goal 3) and is likely to reach parity in secondary and tertiary education also by 2015. India is set to reduce maternal mortality by three quarters and controlled the spread of deadly diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. It has increased forest cover and has halved the proportion of population without access to clean drinking water.
But India is lagging behind in meeting goals like universal primary school enrolment and completion, and universal youth literacy. In empowering women through wage employment and political participation also, it has a long way to go. So is the case with the plan to reduce child and infant mortality and improving access to adequate sanitation to eliminate open defecation.
A new set of transformative and universal Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be adopted by world leaders as a part of the Post–2015 Development Agenda at the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015.