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India’s external debt declines by USD 2.5 billion in Q1 FY23

The external debt to GDP ratio declined to 19.4 per cent at end-June 2022 from 19.9 per cent at end-March 2022

India’s external debt declines by USD 2.5 billion in Q1 FY23
Valuation gains due to the appreciation of the US dollar vis-a-vis the Indian rupee and major currencies, such as yen, SDR and euro were placed at USD 14.4 billion. (Photo: Pixabay)

India’s external debt during the first quarter of 2022-23 declined by USD 2.5 billion to USD 617.1 billion over the end-March 2022, the Reserve Bank said on Thursday.

The external debt to GDP ratio declined to 19.4 per cent at end-June 2022 from 19.9 per cent at end-March 2022.

“At end-June 2022, India’s external debt was placed at USD 617.1 billion, recording a decrease of USD 2.5 billion over its level at end-March 2022,” according to the RBI’s data on India’s External Debt as of end-June 2022.

Valuation gains due to the appreciation of the US dollar vis-a-vis the Indian rupee and major currencies, such as yen, SDR and euro were placed at USD 14.4 billion.

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“Excluding the valuation effect, external debt would have increased by USD 11.9 billion instead of a decrease of USD 2.5 billion at end-June 2022 over end-March 2022,” the central bank said.

At the end-June 2022, long-term debt (with an original maturity of above one year) was placed at USD 487.3 billion, recording a decrease of USD 10.6 billion over its level at end-March 2022.

On the other hand, the share of short-term debt (with an original maturity of up to one year) in total external debt increased to 21 per cent at end-June 2022 from 19.6 per cent at end-March 2022.

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US dollar-denominated debt remained the largest component of India’s external debt, with a share of 54.7 per cent at end-June 2022, followed by debt denominated in the Indian rupee (30.4 per cent), SDR (6.3 per cent), yen (5.1 per cent), and the euro (2.8 per cent). The outstanding debt of the general government decreased, while non-government increased at end-June 2022.

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