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Draft Indian Financial Code: Govt may take away RBI governor’s veto power on monetary policy

In a move that may dilute powers of RBI chief, the government today proposed taking away his authority to veto the interest rate decision of the central bank’s monetary policy committee.

Draft Indian Financial Code: Govt may take away RBI governor’s veto power on monetary policy
The state government would also exert pressure for speeding up the process of opening of bank branches in the next meeting of the State Level Bankers Committee. (PTI photo)

In a move that may dilute powers of RBI chief, the government on Thursday proposed taking away his authority to veto the interest rate decision of the central bank’s monetary policy committee.

The revised draft of Indian Financial Code (IFC), released on Thursday by the Finance Ministry, has also proposed that the all-powerful committee would have four representatives of the government and only three from the central bank, including the ‘RBI Chairperson’.

The draft talks of ‘RBI Chairperson’ and not ‘RBI Governor’. RBI is headed by a Governor, at present.

The IFC, which is conceived as an overarching legislation for the financial sector, proposes a monetary policy committee which will be entrusted with the task of deciding the key policy rate and chasing the annual retail inflation target to be decided by the government in consultation with RBI.

“Inflation target for each financial year will be determined in terms of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) by the Central Government in consultation with the Reserve Bank every three years,” said the draft on which the Finance Ministry has invited comments till August 8.

Further, it said the RBI “must constitute a Monetary Policy Committee to determine by majority vote on the Policy Rate required to achieve the inflation target”.

At present, the RBI Governor consults a Technical Advisory Committee, but does not necessarily go by the majority opinion while deciding on the monetary policy stance.

The first draft, submitted in March 2013, too had talked about the committee and majority vote, but gave powers to RBI chairperson to supersede the decision of the panel.

“In exceptional and unusual circumstances, if the RBI Chairperson disagrees with a decision taken at a meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee, the RBI Chairperson will have the right to supersede such decision,” it had said. The provision was dropped in the revised draft.

As per revised draft there will be three members from the RBI side and four from the central government, thus giving full control to the government on policy rate.

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First published on: 23-07-2015 at 19:38 IST