Iran is vital to China's trade ambitions as it develops its trillion-dollar "One Belt, One Road" strategy aimed at dramatically boosting its ties to Europe and Africa.
A Chinese state-owned investment firm has provided a USD 10 billion credit line for Iranian banks, Iran’s central bank president said today. The contract was signed in Beijing between China’s CITIC investment group and a delegation of Iranian banks led by central bank president Valiollah Seif. The Iran Daily said the funds would finance water, energy and transport projects.
Iran is vital to China’s trade ambitions as it develops its trillion-dollar “One Belt, One Road” strategy aimed at dramatically boosting its ties to Europe and Africa. In addition to the credit line, the China Development Bank signed preliminary deals with Iran worth $15 billion for other infrastructure and production projects, Seif announced. The contracts reflect “a strong will for continuation of cooperation between the two countries,” Seif said.
The credit line will use euros and yuan to help bypass US sanctions that have continued despite the nuclear deal between Iran and world powers in 2015. China was a signatory to the deal that lifted sanctions in exchange for curbs to Iran’s nuclear programme. President Xi Jinping visited Iran a week after it came into effect, vowing to boost bilateral trade to $600 billion within a decade.
Although trade was just USD 31 billion in 2016, it has jumped more than 30 per cent in the first six months of 2017. China is already Iran’s biggest oil customer and accounts for a third of its overall trade. Since the lifting of sanctions, Beijing has opened two credit lines worth USD 4.2 billion to build high-speed railway lines linking Tehran with Mashhad and Isfahan, Iran Daily reported.
The latest move follows an eight-billion-euro credit deal signed with South Korea’s Exim bank last month. European banks remain wary of penalties from Washington for working with Iran, but talks are said to be at an advanced stage for USD 22 billion in credit deals with banks from Austria, Denmark and Germany.
China’s new USD 10 billion credit line will go to Iran’s Refah Kargaran, San’at va Ma’dan, Parsian, Pasargad and Tose’e Saderat banks.